This article examines the so-called honeymoon cystitis, also called honeymoon cystitis, closer. In particular, the causes, the diagnosis and the course, types of treatment and possibilities of prevention are discussed.

What is honeymoon cystitis?

In honeymoon cystitis (honeymoon cystitis) similar symptoms occur as with any other cystitis. The typical thing about a so-called honeymoon cystitis, however, is that the symptoms begin after intensive sexual contacts.
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The term honeymoon cystitis is a very euphemist language for inflammation of the bladder. Honeymoon (or honeymoon) - it is called cystitis because inflammation often occurs in women in connection with sexual intercourse.

Honeymoon cystitis is an unpleasant but uncomplicated ascending infection of the urinary tract in which bacteria enter the bladder via the urethra and there irritate the mucous membrane.

A urinary tract infection is favored in particular by the anatomy of the female body, medical interventions, disturbances of the urinary outflow from the bladder and the age of life.

causes

Honeymoon cystitis occurs predominantly in sexually active women. This is no coincidence: The female urethra is about 4 cm shorter than the male (about 20 cm) and also the vagina, the anal area and the outer urethral opening in women are very close to each other.

Not insignificant in this context is the sexual and anal hygiene. During intercourse, bacteria from the vagina can easily enter the urethra. Once in the bladder, the bacteria on the inside of the bladder cause a mucous membrane irritation, which leads to a strong urinary urgency even with small amounts of urine. The sensitivity of the sphincter muscles increases sensitively.

Symptoms, complaints & signs

In honeymoon cystitis (honeymoon cystitis) similar symptoms occur as with any other cystitis. The typical thing about a so-called honeymoon cystitis, however, is that the symptoms begin after intensive sexual contacts. Particularly common are women and, in more rare cases, men affected by honeymoon cystitis.

The disease usually progresses without complications and usually completely heals on its own or shortly after treatment with antibiotics. In immunocompromised patients, however, it can sometimes lead to complications. The main symptoms of honeymoon cystitis are burning urination and urinary frequency. In the beginning, the symptoms are often only mild, so that the disease is played down.

However, frequent urination does not result in an increased amount of urine. Each time you go to the toilet, only small quantities of urine are excreted. In addition to burning, itching often occurs in the urethra. It can come to changes in the urine. Thus, turbidity of the urine is often observed. In some cases, the urine even turns reddish due to added blood.

Some patients also suffer from abdominal pain. The pain can sometimes radiate in the back. This can be a sign that the kidneys are already getting infected. The honeymoon cystitis is usually very easy to treat by frequent bladder irrigation (frequent bladder emptying by drinking a lot) and the use of antibiotics.

Diagnosis & History

Honeymoon cystitis is very uncomfortable and manifests itself by increased urination, burning and pain when urinating. Typical is the small amount of urine delivered. Sometimes the urine is mixed with blood or pus, and fever and abdominal spasms can occur.

Important for the diagnosis is the removal of a urine sample. Here, the so-called "middle beam" is collected and examined. The genitals should be thoroughly cleaned before urine delivery. A rapid test with urine test strips detects red and white blood cells and nitrite as a degradation product of the bacteria in the urine. Often, this test is enough to enable effective therapy.

If a more severe urinary tract infection has occurred, under certain circumstances, the microscopic urinalysis or other follow-up examinations, eg. As the ultrasound examination of the bladder and kidneys needed.

complications

In most cases, honeymoon cystitis is just a harmless symptom that can be treated quickly and effectively so there are no other complications or discomforts. Especially for women who have not been sexually active for a long time, honeymoon cystitis can occur.

It comes thereby to an increased urination and thus a frequent urination. Urination itself is associated with pain. In some cases the urine is darkened by blood and the patient experiences fever. The patient feels unwell and weakened. However, honeymoon cystitis heals on its own after just a few days.

If the inflammation does not heal on its own, it can happen in rare cases that this causes a pyelonephritis. Honeymoon cystitis can be treated relatively quickly by heat applications. Sexual activity should be avoided.

Also citrus fruits and alcoholic beverages are to be avoided, since by these the honeymoon cystitis can be strengthened. If self-help does not improve, antibiotics may be prescribed by the doctor. These lead to a positive course of the disease after about one week, without further complications.

When should you go to the doctor?

That newly married women get a honeymoon cystitis happens quite often. The "honeymoon cystitis" is caused by immigrant germs that enter the bladder during sexual intercourse. Basically, this is a common bladder infection. Its development process is described by this term.

To take seriously is always a carryover of bacteria and germs into the bladder. However, it only requires a doctor's visit in severe cases. Honeymoon cystitis can also occur in sexually active women beyond the honeymoon. The cause in this case is usually a longer break in sexual activity.

Immigrated intestinal bacteria or bacteria, which the man brings, are to be determined as cause. To protect the bladder from it, it should be emptied quickly after intercourse. A diaphragm can also trigger such bladder infections. It should then be removed. If certain spermicides are the cause of cystitis, they should be discontinued. They are usually on conventional condoms.

A mild honeymoon cystitis can be treated symptomatically by the sufferer with bladder tea, heat and protection. In order to avoid further irritation of the bladder, the sexual activities should be limited until it dies down. However, in addition to the typical urinary urgency, the burning sensation of urination and the abdominal pain, even more severe symptoms such as fever, a visit to a doctor is inevitable.

Treatment & Therapy

The uncomplicated honeymoon cystitis is to be treated with antibiotics and usually very good curable. After taking the antibiotics, the complaints usually resolve within three days.

In addition, there are simple self-help measures that support healing. Those who suffer from a bladder infection should take a lot of fluids. This stimulates the urge to urinate and flushes the bacteria out of the bladder, and ascending bacteria can not easily get into the bladder. Warm cotton underwear and a hot water bottle provide a pleasant warmth.

Those who do not want to resort to antibiotics will first try to alleviate the complaint by rinsing through tea, heat and herbal remedies. Juniper berries are considered to be very diuretic. However, it should be noted that they are not tolerated by everyone. In addition, a doctor should be consulted in case of non-decreasing symptoms, who can prescribe a suitable antibiotic.

Outlook & Forecast

Honeymoon cystitis does not differ in its prognosis from any other form of acute cystitis. Slight courses last a few days, during which they can be quite painful and uncomfortable. The affected patient often needs to water and may suffer from a slightly elevated temperature. Rarely, urine contains little blood during this time. The complaints lie down after a few days on their own.

In severe cases, the pain is stronger and it can lead to significantly higher temperature. The patient goes in this form of cystitis usually from alone to the doctor and is prescribed antibiotics. These also show their effects within days. In honeymoon cystitis, sexual activity in the acute phase can cause the inflammation to last longer or return after an improvement in symptoms, as it has not healed completely. It is therefore advisable to abstain from sexual intercourse during this time for rapid healing.

Irrespective of the cause of honeymoon cystitis, sexual intercourse would only mechanically irritate the irritated bladder and make the inflammation even worse. If the pain is unacceptable during honeymoon cystitis, seek medical attention.

prevention

In order to prevent honeymoon cystitis, careful intimate hygiene with clean water, the correct wiping direction after defecation, adequate hydration and warm clothing are often sufficient. The choice of contraceptive can also be decisive.

For example, the use of diaphragms and sperm-killing creams increases the risk of cystitis while condoms prevent it. Women who are mildly susceptible to cystitis should become accustomed to letting water immediately after having sex - this reduces the risk of infection.

Persons prone to cystitis should not sit on cold stones and be careful to keep the area of ​​the bladder warm (such as cotton underwear). In fact, cold may seem to favor the inflammation, even if it is not directly caused by the cold.

An uncomplicated honeymoon cystitis is quickly cured. Those who are more likely to have cystitis three times a year should seek a detailed consultation with the doctor to clarify the causes.

aftercare

In most cases, the measures or options for aftercare for honeymoon cystitis are severely limited. First and foremost, this disease must be recognized and treated to prevent further complications. In most cases, the life expectancy of the person affected by the disease is not reduced, although an early finding always has a positive effect on the further course.

The treatment of honeymoon cystitis takes place with the help of antibiotics. It is important to ensure a correct and, above all, a regular intake. The doctor's instructions should also be followed. Mostly the antibiotics have to be taken even after the symptoms disappear.

When taking antibiotics, alcohol should be strictly avoided, otherwise its effect will be reduced. In the honeymoon cystitis the victims are in many cases also self-help measures available, so that a hot water bottle can be used to relieve the symptoms.

In order to prevent honeymoon cystitis, a suitable contraceptive should be chosen and a physician may be advised. Those affected should not be unnecessarily exposed to cold, as this may favor the honeymoon cystitis.

You can do that yourself

A honeymoon Cystitis usually heals in a few days without the administration of medication. Affected women can take some measures themselves to relieve the symptoms.

Important is an increased fluid intake to stimulate the urinary urgency. Silent mineral waters and herbal tea are particularly suitable. Tea from nettles or juniper berries are considered to be very diuretic. It is important to note any incompatibilities. This allows the bacteria to be flushed out of the bladder and urethra.

Local heat applications with the help of hot water bottles or cherry stone pillows are perceived by those affected as very pleasant. Herbal preparations with extracts of centaury, lovage and rosemary relieve the pain and the burning sensation. In addition, these substances promote the discharge of bacteria.

Diseased people should resort to cotton underwear. This can be washed at high temperatures and absorbs moisture. So a too moist environment in the genital area is prevented, so that the bacteria do not spread further. When fever is added special care should be taken to protect the body.

If the urine becomes bloody or pus comes out, seek medical advice. The same applies to recurring complaints. In order to prevent a new honeymoon cystitis is to ensure good intimate hygiene. Likewise, urination is recommended for women immediately after sexual intercourse. Even condoms can prevent a re-infection.

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