The botanical name of the garden is Atriplex hortensis. It belongs to the family of the foxtail family (Amaranthaceae). In addition, it is one of the oldest crops and is also used as a salad and ornamental plant. In 2000, it was named "Crop Plant of the Year" by the German Nature Conservation Union.
The annual herbaceous plant grows up to 2.5 meters high. The stem is upright and green striped. It is often branched and quadrangular. The aerial parts of the plant have a floured surface and the edges of the leaves are either entire or serrated. Because of its weight, the fruit is often overhanging. The seeds of the garden report are either yellow-brown or black, whereby the black variant germinates only after two years. In our latitude the garden blooms between July and September. The garden notification is pollinated by wind or self-pollination. Some insects also spread the pollen.
According to archaeological findings, the garden report was already known to the ancient Greeks. It was grown to Tibet and Bengal. The wild form also occurs in Central Asia. Like chard, the vegetables were brought to Central Europe by the Romans. As a food, the garden was in the 13th century displaced by spinach something.
However, it is still used in the kitchen, especially in the Rhineland. It tastes a bit more bitter than spinach, but is milder all in all. Otherwise, the taste is similar to their relative. Seasonally, the garden is in the summer months. It can be harvested from May, although it can also be found in greenhouses and is therefore available all year round. There are several varieties to find, with the leaves are either blue green or reddish. On the underside the leaves are bare, also on the upper side they have fine hairs.
Similar to spinach, the garden notification also brings some healthy nutrients with it. The iron content is lower than its relative, but not to be despised. The garden alarm is a blessing especially for the muscles and nerves, as it has a high magnesium content.
In addition, there are a number of vitamins that help to meet the daily requirement. The content of vitamin A is higher than with spinach, while the vitamin C content is only half as high. Nevertheless, the garden is a welcome and healthy change. In folk medicine, the report is even applied externally. In the form of envelopes, which are coated with the porridge of leaves, gardening helps in this form against bruising and inflammation. In addition, the leaves and seeds were used as a purging and laxative. The plant stimulated the metabolism and was also used against nervousness. In folk medicine, the garden notification was also used in lung diseases.
Although the vegetables grow in its wild form mainly on walls, on rubbish dumps and on hedges, so it is not to be despised and offers quite an alternative for spinach.
The vegetables contain both carbohydrates and proteins. In 100 grams of leaves are about 3 grams of carbohydrates and 2.3 grams of protein. In addition, the plant has only about 26 calories in the same amount, which is why it is particularly suitable for figure-conscious. The fat content is just 0.3 grams. In 100 grams are also about 3 grams of fiber.
In addition, in the garden notification vitamin C and B are included. It also contains minerals such as potassium, calcium, magnesium and iron. The ingredients are responsible for the laxative effect of the garden notification. For this reason, it should be enjoyed only in smaller quantities at best.
Intolerances or allergies to food can occur again and again. In different vegetables, which includes the garden notification, these occur but rarely. Much more can lead to overreaction of the digestive system with excessive consumption.
Some people may be sensitive to the vegetables and face bloating or diarrhea. All in all, the garden is mostly well tolerated. In absolutely exceptional cases, pollen allergies can lead to cross-allergies.
The garden message is found at weekly markets, for example, under the name "Rheinische Gartenmelde" and is cultivated both on the field and in the greenhouse.
In addition, it can be collected by naturalists, since there are wild forms to this day. The shape and color of the leaves is quite characteristic, which is why rare confusions occur. The vegetables are not suitable for storage. After collecting or purchasing it should be consumed as quickly as possible. Otherwise it will be bad soon. In the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator, the garden can be kept for a day or two.
The preparation and preparation of the vegetables is similar to that of fresh spinach. The young leaves can also be used raw in salads. Best used are young plants that are at most 20 centimeters high. Their leaves are particularly tender and can also be eaten raw.
So they are also suitable for blends with lettuce. Another option is to steam the garden as spinach. It is suitable as a side dish to poultry, eggs, cereals or fish. Before serving, it is simply added after washing in a saucepan with lightly salted water. After the leaves have collapsed, they are done. The young shoot tips are also edible and have a range of healthy nutrients.
In France the garden is eaten with sorrel. The color of the red leaves remains even after cooking, although it can be used to dye soups. The leaves give dishes a pleasantly bitter taste. Many children prefer spinach spinach, probably due to lower levels of oxalic acid.
In addition, the garden message is used in salads as a foliate decoration. Otherwise, it is suitable in all combinations and variations in which spinach is also used. If the vegetables are too bitter, it can also blanch. As a result, the bitter substances are mitigated. The seeds can be roasted in the oven or in the pan. They are suitable as spice and can also be used for baking.
A recipe idea is, for example, to process the garden notification to quiche. In addition, natural yoghurt, paprika, vegetable broth, onions and sheep's milk cheese are needed. Tags: