A bone fracture or fracture refers to a transection of skeletal bones. In most cases, accidents and severe injuries lead to breakage of one or more bones. Furthermore, displacements or regular shattering of the broken bones can occur.

What is a broken bone?

A fracture or fracture is commonly referred to when a human skeleton bone breaks through an accident, fall, or other massive action or event.

A bone fracture or fracture is commonly referred to when a bone of the human skeleton breaks through an accident, fall or other massive action and event. In the smaller toes, not too extensive measures are taken in a bone fracture. Here it is sufficient in most cases, for a longer period to create a firm adhesive bond.

Of course, things are different when, for example, a fracture of an arm or leg occurs. These parts of the body are usually needed and used on a regular basis, so that a bone fracture sometimes leads to massive restrictions in daily life. In any case, a broken bone, sometimes more and sometimes less expensive, must be treated by a doctor.

causes

Precisely on the more delicate limbs, such as the little toes and fingers, it can easily come to a broken bone due to the impact on or against fixed resistance. In toes, a broken bone often results from the massive impact of heavy and also pointed or narrow objects. When these bounce or hit, either a bruise or fracture occurs.

Fingers sometimes suffer a rapid bone fracture when trapped in a door or between other objects. On the arms and legs, a bone fracture often occurs due to a fall. For example, during snowboarding and skiing. In other strong impact on a solid surface, it may also be relatively easy to break a bone. Even a fall from the bed or the so-called "falling on a staircase, can cause a significant bone fracture.

Furthermore, broken bones can occur more frequently in the context of various diseases and have not always been triggered by an accident or injury.

Diseases with this symptom

  • Osteoporosis (bone loss)
  • Brittle bone disease
  • cervical spine fracture
  • Fracture of the base of the scull
  • ankle fracture
  • Jones fracture
  • Femoral neck fracture
  • Beckenbruch
  • elbow fracture
  • broken jaw
  • Fatigue fracture (fatigue fracture)
  • Humeral head fracture
  • radius fracture
  • Metacarpal fracture
  • broken nose
  • broken finger
  • tibial plateau fracture
  • Lateral malleolus fracture

complications

An uncomplicated bone fracture heals usually treated completely without any consequences. More complicated fractures can be associated with a variety of complications. For example, adjacent structures such as the soft tissue or blood vessels and nerves are injured more frequently. Depending on the extent, this can lead to internal bleeding or sensory disturbances or disorders of the motor system.

With heavy blood loss it can even come to the circulatory shock, a medical emergency situation. Important organs are no longer properly supplied with blood and can die as a result. In particular, the kidney is affected, which often causes acute renal failure in an acute shock event.

The fact that the bone and the marrow are free by the fracture, the way for pathogens is facilitated. It can come to the infection of the bone marrow (osteomyelitis), whereby the bone can also die off and in the worst case, it comes eventually to the systemic spread of inflammation (sepsis), which untreated leads to death.

Further complications can arise if some fat droplets are released from the bone marrow of the fracture and flushed out into the blood. They can clog vessels similar to a detached thrombosis and thus trigger the life-threatening pulmonary embolism. Other consequences can be the compartment syndrome, an increase in pressure in a muscle lobule due to a vascular constriction. This can lead to the death of the muscles of the respective box.

When should you go to a doctor?

In case of a fracture, a doctor must always be consulted. It is not possible and under any circumstances recommended to treat a fracture only by self-help and not to be examined by a doctor. This can lead to malformations, if the bones fused wrong and the patient may suffer secondary damage. Therefore, a doctor must be consulted immediately if a bone fracture occurs.

If the visit to the family doctor is not possible, then a fracture can also be treated in a hospital. In some cases, a long-term stay in the hospital is necessary if the movement of the patient is severely limited by the fracture.

If it is not possible for the person concerned to visit a hospital or a doctor himself, an emergency doctor must usually be called. This then transports the patient to the nearest hospital where the fracture is being treated. A quick action is necessary if the fracture has occurred in an accident involving other injuries or if the patient has lost consciousness due to the fracture.

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Treatment & Therapy

To correct a bone fracture, there are various healing methods. In a simple bone fracture, it is usually sufficient if the bone ends are directed by stretching, for example. Subsequently, the bone fracture is plastered in for about six weeks or protected with a plastic splint. For a very complicated fracture, more extensive measures may be necessary. These include the possibility of wiring the bone as well as inserting an implant. This is usually made of lightweight titanium.

In order to regulate the bone fracture with an implant, the skin is opened above the bone fracture and the implant is screwed tightly to the ends of the bone, for example. After a few days in which the body part in question is protected with a support bandage, often many functions are already executable again. If the bone fracture has caused more extensive damage to the body part, such as muscles and nerves that have been affected, rehabilitation measures can follow directly after just a few days after implant placement.

Outlook & Forecast

A bone fracture must be treated promptly by a doctor or hospital. If the treatment is carried out late, it may happen that the bones go awry together and must be re-directed with surgery. The crooked merging of bones can have a negative impact on your health. The more precise effects, however, depend on the position of the bone and its exact function. A direct treatment usually does not take place. Only in a few cases, the bone must first be moved to prevent a crooked growing together.

In the event of a bone fracture, the person affected is given a plaster around the fractured area. Depending on the position of the fracture, this can lead to restrictions in the movement and in everyday life, so that the patient relies on help or a stay in the hospital.

In a fractured bone it takes at least several weeks until the bones have grown together again. For larger bones, rehabilitation may take several months and may require further action.

In most cases, bone fracture treatment will be successful, allowing the patient to live a normal life afterwards. The treatment must start as early as possible. In case of uncertainty, a doctor must always be consulted.

prevention

In order to effectively prevent a bone fracture, there is no patent prescription in healthy people. Sometimes a thoughtless step is enough. On impact with the arm or leg on a very hard resistance it can then already come to a bone fracture. Things are different for people who suffer from the so-called glass bone disease: In this case, sometimes even light contacts with solid objects, which can lead in the worst case to an immediate bone fracture rich.

Even people who suffer from osteoporosis (bone loss) can not directly prevent bone fractures. Here it is primarily to treat the disease. Those who are inclined to fall or increasingly lose their orientation and abruptly hit walls or other obstacles should have their sense of balance examined in order to effectively prevent a fractured bone. When disturbed, frequent stumbling and falling may force a fracture.

You can do that yourself

In case of a bone fracture, a hospital or a doctor must be consulted immediately. If the fracture is not treated until a few days later, it may deform and the bones will not grow properly. This usually does not look attractive and can lead to further problems, so a fracture should always be treated by a doctor. As a rule, most fractures run without further difficulty. They grow together again after a few weeks and the body part can usually be reused by the patient.

In order to accelerate the healing, the respective body part needs rest and recovery. The patient must eat a healthy and varied diet in order to supply the body with all the necessary ingredients necessary for the growing together of the bones. Physical exertion or physical activity is foreseeable, as it could lead to accidents and other injuries.

In many cases, the work must be stopped because of your broken bones. Often the patient is accompanied by dizziness and nausea in the first hours after the fracture. This is a common symptom, which usually disappears on its own.

In many cases, rehabilitation measures, such as physiotherapy or sports therapy, are prescribed by the attending physician for the time after hospitalization and healing of the fracture. These help, for example, in building the regressed muscles.

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