It is strikingly common that people in management positions between the ages of 55 and 60 die from a heart attack or stroke. This is often due to a stressful lifestyle and the resulting mental and physical problems. Because the work in this case is regarded as the trigger of this, this form of the disease is referred to as a managerial disease.

What is the manager's disease?

Manager's disease includes problems of the cardiovascular system. The term was coined in the 1950s, as it had been noticed that a very large proportion of the group of managers suffered from cardiac arrhythmia, sharp chest pain, and arteriosclerosis in the heart. The latter can lead to a coronary occlusion, which can occur as a result of metabolic disorders due to hormone effects or low oxygen supply to the tissues.

Intake of nicotine and alcohol and lack of physical exercise are other components that make managers sick. Overweight and resulting blood pressure disorders are also causes of this disease. The heart piercing, also called angina pectoris, occurs when the heart is poorly supplied with blood, because the coronary vessels are already narrowed by calcification.

It can occur in different strength and different body regions. Most commonly, the pain localizes from the chest to the neck. The lower jaw can also be affected. It can happen that mild pain occurs in the arms, stomach and upper back. Such seizures can be very intense in their intensity and cause death by myocardial infarction.

causes

This disease is triggered by the particular physical and mental stress that managers are exposed to. They do not or do not have the time to go through conflicts because their professional commitment is extremely high and their thinking is always progressive or entrepreneurial. For managers who have achieved their position through their own strength and with the help of study, the situation is more difficult than for those who have grown into such a position out of a family tradition.

Having role models in childhood during childhood and being able to deal with the corresponding values ​​reduces the stress factor. They were able to familiarize themselves with the responsibilities and responsibilities they have to bear as managers. The leaders without this background are often in a conflict that can promote psychogenic managerial disease. They are at the mercy of an inner unrest, as they must be aware that they are not irreplaceable for traditional reasons, but interchangeable. That's why they work all the time.

Symptoms, signs & discomfort

However, two things are important for a person's ability to perform: Man can not have his own full power, meaning that a certain percentage of his energy is used as a reserve for exceptional situations. These can be used in the case of physical or mental illness. At the same time, the willingness to perform changes from external to internal work several times a day.

External work refers to all movement and brain activity. The inner work stands for the production of biochemical energy substances and the excretion of toxic metabolic products. When the ambitious manager ingests coffee or alcohol and nicotine or other stimulants, he interrupts the natural change of external and internal work.

And if he also greatly expands his working hours, he intervenes in the day-night rhythm. If he then sits in difficult board meetings or similar negotiations, his energy reserves are tapped, as this stress the hormone adrenaline is released into the bloodstream. And so its additional power reserves are rapidly declining.

Diagnosis & disease course

Executives often feel rushed at this stage and unable to cope with everyday stresses. All their professional obligations and the requirements attached to them by their subsidiary offices, which are important for representative reasons, overwhelm them. They complain about being driven and having no free time.

They complain of listlessness, are dull and depressed mood. They claim to be tired and that this state makes their thoughts viscous. This means that they can no longer account. The original ideas stay out. The intellectual quick-wittedness in the talks is missing. You can only find laborious answers. Your language becomes expressionless, slow and sluggish. The vocabulary seems to be shrinking.

complications

Due to the managerial disease, it mainly comes to various complaints to the heart and the patient's circulation. The disease does not necessarily lead to life-threatening situations or complications. In the long run, however, the manager's disease can cause serious damage to the body, significantly reducing life expectancy and quality of life.

It can also lead to a stroke in which the person can die in the worst case. Likewise, sleep disorders and general irritability of the patient occur, leading to significant social difficulties and limitations. It also leads to a reduced resilience and fatigue of the patient. The sufferers are often listless and suffer from depression or other mental health problems.

It can lead to personality disorders and severe headaches. As a rule, no direct treatment of the managerial disease is necessary because the symptoms can be treated relatively well by rest and relaxation. There are also no complications when treatment is initiated. The symptoms can lead to cramping and undersupply of various organs, which has a very negative impact on health.

When should you go to the doctor?

People who have a very stressful lifestyle during adulthood between the mid-50s and 60s due to their personal and professional responsibilities should consult with a doctor at regular intervals for check-ups. In case of disturbances of the heart activity, abnormalities of the blood pressure, a diffuse anxiety life or sweats the clarification of the symptoms by a doctor is needed.

If there are irregularities in digestion, reduced drive and a continuing concern that the service provided is insufficient, a doctor's visit is recommended. Consumers who regularly consume alcohol and nicotine, the blood levels should be monitored by a doctor. In a hectic everyday life, a job with high responsibility or a penchant for meditation, the consultation of a doctor is necessary.

An inner stress, restlessness, activity and sleep disorders are further indications that should be investigated. If there are temporary intolerances to food, mood swings or an irritation occur, the affected person needs help. In a comprehensive check-up examination complaints of everyday life can be discussed and possible risk factors minimized. If a high level of memory performance takes place almost every day, it is rare for patients to rest or recover, and a diminished joie de vivre is noticed if the person affected makes changes. Together with a doctor possible ways can be discussed, so that an improvement of well-being occurs.

Treatment & Therapy

In healthy people, the blood vessels constrict in cold and they expand in heat. In a manager who suffers from the above-mentioned symptoms of overwork, the blood vessels react more intensively. If the fatigue is already well advanced, any cold or heat irritation can cause a spasm. This can be resolved, but it can also lead to an undersupply of an organ. So it comes to the stroke or gastric ulcer.

Outlook & Forecast

If the current lifestyle is maintained, the prognosis of the managerial disease is unfavorable. It comes to severe health complications that pose a threat to life. The person concerned may face a stroke or a heart attack in the course of the disease. To improve the prospects of further development, restructuring in everyday life is therefore necessary. The fulfillment of the daily duties is to be coordinated with the possibilities of the organism. The manager's disease represents a health burden for the person concerned. Due to the lifestyle, there are various health disorders that need to be considered.

To improve the development of nutrition, exercise and sleep hygiene should be optimized. In addition, it must be examined which physical and emotional stressors can be minimized. Vocational obligations should be changed to ensure long-term relief of the complaints. In most cases, the patient must learn to give responsibility. In addition, a change in the cognitive pattern is advisable. As soon as the person concerned gives his organism more peace and balance, clear reductions are apparent.

Complacency is achieved as soon as a work-life balance has been established. The design of leisure activities is therefore just as important as the fulfillment of professional tasks. Only a balance between well-being, zest for life and the pursuit of success can avert the life-threatening condition.

prevention

To prevent this, it is necessary to incorporate a few healthy aspects into everyday life. Daily exercise is one of the most important points. Light sports, cycling or jogging are enough to avoid the risk of heart attack. At the same time it is advisable to discontinue or at least minimize the consumption of stimulants and to eat healthily. This not only helps the body, but also the mind.

You can do that yourself

Manager's disease is one of the disorders that the person concerned can usually do more to heal than the doctor. The physical symptoms are predominantly of a psychogenic nature. The typical side effects of high blood pressure, gastric colic and angina pectoris, which often results in a heart attack, can best be prevented by targeted stress management. A top manager does not have an eight-hour day and has to work regularly on weekends. But that is precisely why it is absolutely necessary to reduce this stress regularly and to treat yourself to time-outs. Executives who have problems with this are best advised to seek timely professional help that a mentor or specialized psychologist can provide.

Above all, it is important to have a sensible way of life that includes, in particular, a healthy, vitamin-rich diet based primarily on plants, as well as regular exercise and adequate sleep. A healthy diet in combination with exercise prevents serious overweight, which intensifies the other symptoms of managerial disease, especially hypertension and heart problems. Sufficient sleep is essential for mental health and an important prerequisite for reducing stress, which should under no circumstances be compensated with alcohol, nicotine or other drugs.

In order to cope better with acute stress situations, those affected should instead learn relaxation techniques such as yoga or autogenic training.

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