This can be up to three kilograms in weight and a maximum of 30 centimeters in diameter. Sometimes the upper part of the tuber is visible. The squill has only basal, lanceolate, hairless, greyish-green leaves, which become dry in early summer and only in autumn - after the appearance of inflorescences - expel again. From August, the plant shows its terminal, about 40 centimeters long racemose inflorescences, whose flowers are on about three inches long stems.
They have narrow bracts and grow in large numbers on the inflorescences. The fruits of the Urginea maritima are triple-furrowed spherical capsules. The onions of the white-onion variety (there are also varieties with red flesh) are dug out shortly after flowering and dried. The squill occurs throughout the Mediterranean and grows mostly near the coast and on pastures. The old medicinal plant prefers rocky and sandy ground. In addition, it is cultivated today in Pakistan, India and North America.
The squill contains bufadienolide (Scillaren A, Proscillaridin A and B, Scillinoside), flavonoids, polysaccharides, anthocyanins, glucosporins A, sugars, levulose, saponins, fat, caffeine, bitter substances, tannins, resins, citric acid, many minerals and essential oils. In the old medicinal plant about twelve Herzglykoside (Bufadienolide) are present.
Medically used are only the middle fleshy shells of the onion variety with the white pulp, as they are not as toxic as the red pulp varieties. The cut into small pieces horizontally and horizontally are dried and processed further. They have a hypotensive effect in patients with pathologically elevated venous pressure and have cardiotonic properties.
They increase cardiac function, supply the heart muscle with vital oxygen and nutrients and reduce heart rate. The heart, strengthened by onion medicine, no longer has to pump as much to supply all organs and tissues with oxygen and nutrients. Because the onion means directly affects the kidneys, it also has strong drainage properties.
In addition, the following effects are proven for the medicated Mediterranean plant in natural medicine and homeopathy: anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, expectorant, impelling, anticonvulsant, wound healing and soothing. Since all plant parts of squill have a strong toxic effect, the patient should under no circumstances carry out a self-medication with her, but first consult his doctor.
The sea onion variety with red tuber is even 10 to 15 times more toxic than the white-bulbous species. Recommended are standardized ready-made medicines, since the user can not induce them with accidental overdose: The tubers differ on the same squash variety in terms of the amount of active ingredients contained in them location and seasonally very strong.
He should also take the homeopathic remedies only under medical supervision. The German Pharmacopoeia lists the onion (white onion) as a drug for mild heart failure. In this form, however, it is no longer used today. Previously, the middle onion peel particles were used internally and the crushed leaves of the plant externally (as a support).
The patient should not use squid ready-to-use medicines and homeopathic remedies if he suffers from acute inflammation, a sensitive gastrointestinal tract, potassium deficiency and hypercalcaemia, if he is receiving calcium therapy or if he is taking digital heart medications.
The cardiac glycosides contained in squill remedies are used to treat heart failure and angina pectoris. Thanks to Scillaren A, they have a faster and more intensive effect than Digitalis medications. Consumed perorally, 25 percent of the active ingredient is immediately available to the body. Besides, they are not cumulated in his body.
Standardized onion remedies also help with upper respiratory illnesses such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, hoarseness and cough, inflammatory liver diseases such as hepatitis, intestinal inflammation, nephritis, urinary tract disorders such as anuric and urinary disorders, edema, splenic tumors, gout and epilepsy.
In today's medicine squid preparations are usually administered only in heart disease (sometimes even with digitalis containing drugs) and as a dehydrator orally. Folk medicine still knew of external applications that helped against skin diseases, tissue hardening, boils and burns.
The healer put a pad of onion peel particles crushed with cod-liver oil onto the affected area. In today's homeopathy Tinct. Scillae (alcohol-based onion tincture) in the ratio 1: 5 prescribed as a drop or drop mixture. For heart complaints, the patient must take 10 to 20 drops 3 to 5 times a day.
Indications include tachycardia, old-age heart, mild to moderate heart failure with edema formation, imminent decompensation and angina pectoris. Scilla maritima globules are prescribed in chronic bronchitis with severe mucus formation and uncontrolled urinary output.