As a vaginal discharge, vaginal discharge, genitalis, white-flow or vaginal discharge is often a disease symptom of the woman referred to, in which it comes to a disturbed formation of the usually non-pathological vaginal flora.

What is vaginal discharge?

There are many reasons for pathological vaginal discharge - mainly determined by examining a sample in the laboratory.

The vaginal discharge (vaginal discharge), genitalis or vaginal discharge is the natural discharge from the female sexual organ, which occurs in every adult female and often accompanies her from the first period to the end of her life.

In particular, the color, the smell, the consistency and the amount of vaginal discharge may be affected. A thorough examination at the gynecologist should take place accordingly in order to rule out complications and diseases of the female reproductive organs.

The vaginal discharge is used to clean the vaginal canal and should generally not cause discomfort. However, this is often one of the first indicators of a disease of the vagina - these show up in malodorous, painful or conspicuously colored vaginal discharge and signal that the mucous membranes or other parts of the genital organ are affected.

causes

There are many reasons for pathological vaginal discharge - mainly determined by examining a sample in the laboratory. Malodorous, increasingly occurring discharge in combination with irritated skin and itchy areas signal a fungal infection. Dark discolored vaginal discharge could also be a sexually transmitted disease or sexually transmitted disease, usually also changes the smell of the outflow negative.

The analysis also takes care of the consistency, because every change can stand for a different state. All of these changes belong to the group of treatable diseases that usually do not have to be complicated or uncomfortable if they are detected in time. It looks different when the vaginal discharge is bloody. This may be due to a simple injury to the mucous membranes, but is also considered a warning sign of advanced cervix or ovarian cancer. Even the most unfavorable cysts can cause bloody vaginal discharge.

Diseases with this symptom

  • vaginal yeast infection
  • Ovarian Cancer
  • Bacterial vaginosis
  • Tunnel Syndrome
  • cervical cancer
  • chlamydia

course

If vaginal discharge develops due to infection or similar disease, the change usually occurs several days or weeks after infection with the pathogen. The incubation period depends heavily on the particular pathogen - in some, the change in the outflow begins immediately, while others take weeks to develop.

However, if it is a serious condition, morbid vaginal discharge is often one of the last symptoms to develop. In cervical cancer, it is sometimes not even in the final stages.

In contrast, cysts are initially associated with severe pain in the lower abdomen and only lead to bleeding if they develop problematically. If there is blood in the vaginal discharge, it can be assumed that the underlying disease has already reached an advanced stage and immediate treatment is required.

complications

Vaginal discharge can cause a severe odor. If the discharge smells particularly fishy, ​​an infection may be present. The discharge can also be particularly strong and thus signs of disease. If the discharge is yellow or brown, it can be a bacterial infection.

Also, white, green or purulent fluor vaginalis or crumbly or lumpy discharge indicates a disease. It can cause inflammation and cause ovarian and ovarian inflammation or uterine infection. As a result, peritonitis or infertility may occur.

If it is a viscous white discharge, it may be a vaginal thrush. In addition, there is often severe itching. If the discharge occurs for a long time after the menopause, a tumor disease could be present. If it comes next to the discharge to painful blisters, it can be genital herpes.

Other complications associated with vaginal discharge may include redness, intense itching and burning pain. Urinary urgency and burning while urinating may also be added. There may be whitish deposits on the labia or on the vaginal mucosa. There may be new, unfamiliar pain during intercourse. In addition, fever and a general feeling of illness may be added.

When should you go to the doctor?

From the time of the first menstrual period, every woman develops vaginal discharge. Once this deviates from its normal appearance, which is different in every woman, the gynecologist should be consulted. It should be noted, of course, that he is changed shortly before menstruation and at the time of ovulation and also during pregnancy does not follow the usual pattern.

Noticeable changes are a foul odor, a different consistency, or a dark discoloration of the vaginal discharge. Such changes are usually associated with diseases, such as bacterial infections, venereal diseases or diseases of the internal sex organs. The woman should be especially careful if she detects blood in the changed vaginal discharge or regularly contains small amounts of blood when the vaginal discharge is normal. This points to injuries and should be clarified by a doctor, as the woman from the outside can not even see if there is a problem.

Even women in a stable relationship should be aware of the change in vaginal discharge, because they are also safe from STDs. In addition to the infection with a partner, there are other, though rather rare transmission routes. Sexual infections are uncomfortable, but they are treated with antibiotics quickly effective - the sooner the doctor's appointment is made, the sooner other symptoms can be prevented and the basic problem quickly resolved.

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Treatment & Therapy

If an abnormal or morbid vaginal discharge occurs, the doctor should first examine the pathogens of sex and infectious diseases. Subsequently, it can be specifically treated with the appropriate antibiotic against it. In mild fungal infections usually a cream is prescribed, with the affected areas of the vagina must be rubbed. Heavier infections are cured by an oral remedy.

Other underlying diseases, however, must be treated with antibiotics that are injected or administered intravenously in order to be effective. The vaginal discharge then normalizes again and indicates the end of the disease. Cancer or cysts that cause bloody discharge are usually treated surgically. Problems caused by cysts have already been resolved and there is no longer any bleeding vaginal discharge, whereas cancer requires individual follow-up treatment. Chemotherapy, radiation and surgical removal of affected tissue are among the standard therapies that a woman would expect in this case.

Outlook & Forecast

The vaginal discharge is usually not worrying and is part of the body's natural self-purification process. It therefore takes place in women for life and changes its color, texture and amount, especially depending on the female menstrual cycle. The natural course leads to a decrease in vaginal discharge after menopause and the absence of menstrual bleeding.

Diseases that lead to a change in vaginal discharge are, in most cases, well curable and treatable. The discharge changes its smell and its color in many cases with venereal diseases. Tripper, a chlamydia infection or syphilis are treated with antibiotics and have basically good chances of recovery. A genital herpes disease is considered incurable. However, medicines are administered so that in case of an outbreak of the viral disease, the cold sores in the genital area regress and the symptoms are alleviated.

Inflammation of the uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries are also well curable with medicines. Warts, fungal infections or abnormalities of the pH in the vagina can lead to a change in vaginal discharge. These complaints can also be treated well within a medical treatment.

With all illnesses, the sooner they are diagnosed and treated, the better the chance of a speedy recovery. In syphilis, early diagnosis and treatment are lifesaving and vital.

prevention

Morbid vaginal discharge does not have to happen in many cases, because there are effective preventive measures. For intercourse with strangers, women should only engage with adequate protection: only condoms or femidomes can provide this if used correctly. In this way, fungal and bacterial infections can be effectively avoided, the vaginal discharge will not develop any unhealthy properties even after use.

If fraud has occurred within the relationship or if the woman suspects this, she must address her partner alone in her own health interest and, if necessary, renounce sexual intercourse or prevent her mechanically until she has security.

Even before the woman detects blood in the vaginal discharge, she should have regular gynecological examination and make a swab of the cervix - this can detect the dangerous cervical cancer at an early stage and treat pain and complications.

You can do that yourself

For vaginal discharge, adequate intimate hygiene is important. Both a lack as well as an exaggerated hygiene (rinses, aggressive intimate care products and intensive washing) disturb the vaginal environment and irritate the skin. Only the outer genital area should be washed with lukewarm water or soap-free wash lotions with a pH of about 4 to 4.5. Good drying is important. The outer genital area outside of the labia minora can be maintained with a neutral skin fat. This keeps the sensitive skin supple and reduces the smallest injuries and inflammations.

After bowel movement, proper cleansing is elemental. To prevent intestinal germs from getting into the vagina, you should wipe them from the front to the back. Tight, synthetic clothing and air-impermeable briefs should not be worn in vaginal discharge. They promote the growth of fungi and bacteria in the outer genital area and impede the exchange of air. Pathogens can get inside and cause infections.

Too much stress can promote vaginal discharge. Thus, attention should be paid to stress reduction and regular relaxation phases. During sexual intercourse condoms and femidomes protect against sexually transmitted sex and infectious diseases and thus also against vaginal discharge.

Also important is a healthy lifestyle that strengthens the body's defenses. This includes abstaining from nicotine, low or no alcohol consumption, regular exercise and a healthy, wholesome diet.

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