There are many ways to prevent an unwanted pregnancy. However, not all conceivable variants are equally effective or not dangerous. One form of contraception is sterilization.

What is the sterilization?

A sensible way to safely and permanently prevent pregnancy is sterilization, which is suitable for both men and women. Figure sterilization in the man.

A sensible way to safely and permanently prevent pregnancy is sterilization, which is suitable for both men and women.

Distinguished is the completely permanent and irreversible sterilization by cutting the seed or eggs ladder and the later reversible disconnection.

There are several reasons why individuals decide to sterilize in order not to get offspring. On the one hand, these can be inheritable diseases or, for example, only the missing desire for children.

Function, effect & goals

The aim of sterilization is the infertility, where it can be used not only in men, but also in women. In both cases, although the purpose is and ensures that the person concerned can no longer father children or receive more.

Nevertheless, all other functions of the organism remained the same; In particular, sterilization does not result in any restriction of libido. Sterilization is one of the safest methods of contraception. The Pearl Index is 0.1 for male sterilization and 0.1 to 0.3 for women. The Pearl Index indicates how many fertile women have become pregnant despite the contraceptive to be assessed.

The lower the Pearl Index, the safer the method. Not least because of the safety of the method and the extensive freedom from side effects, the sterilization of doctors is often recommended. In Germany alone, two percent of all men of reproductive age are sterilized, while the rate of sterilization in reproductive women is even eight percent.

The course of sterilization in male patients, of course, deviates from that of female patients. In men, anesthesia is generally not required; Rather, it is only used if explicitly requested by the patient. Subsequently, the necessary instruments are introduced via a minimal opening on the testicle. There, the vas deferens are either permanently severed or clamped with a "clamp". The advantage of the clamp is that the sterilization can be reversed by the subsequent removal of the clip, while this is in principle no longer possible when cutting the vas deferens.

The consequence of both variants is the same: Due to the fact that the vas deferens are cut off or cut, no seeds can reach the ejaculate. That is, through his sperm-free ejaculate the man can no longer produce children during sexual intercourse. To ensure this beyond doubt, a few days after the procedure, the patient is asked to give ejaculate samples to the attending physician for a check-up to see if the vas deferens have actually been successful.

In women sterilization is generally under general anesthesia. Thereafter, the instruments are inserted through an opening in the abdominal wall of the patient so as to reach the fallopian tubes. Once there, there are two options to choose from: either the doctor clamps off the ladder or he deserts it. The purpose is the same as in male sterilization: By the fact that the leaders are disconnected or deserted, no more eggs can get into the uterus in order to be fertilized there.

Risks, side effects & dangers

Sterilization is safe in two ways, both in terms of its effective protection against unwanted pregnancy and its possible side effects. There are none to be expected.

In the male sterilization, at most, little pain may arise when clamping or cutting through the vas deferens, which according to statements of those affected should be kept within limits. Female patients do not feel anything because of the mandatory general anesthetic. It is also true that the procedure has no effect on the sex life of both women and men.

For example, it is not clear to the naked eye's ejaculate that it contains no sperm. In particular, sterilization does not affect libido. Even with women, sterilization does not change anything. Rather, they continue to ovulate regularly, so it can come to the extent of no sequelae of sterilization.

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