Tensions are mostly dysfunctions of muscles or muscle groups. But also trapped nerves and drafts can lead to tension in the area of ​​the muscles. Typical areas for this are mainly the neck and the back. Through tension, the freedom of movement in everyday life can be severely restricted. Massages, warm baths and sports help to eliminate and prevent tension.

What are tensions?

The benefits of a massage are in: the promotion of blood circulation, relaxation of the muscles, in pain relief and in mental relaxation.

Distortions are either disturbances in the coordination or cooperation of the muscles. It is not a short spasm but long-lasting pain that can vary in strength. The muscles of the human body are antagonist pairs: this means that one muscle has to expand each time so that the other can contract.

The movement is solved by the pairs of muscles performing the same process with reversed rollers. The tension arises because one of the two muscles intensifies its normal basic tension, while the other relaxes - this condition lasts a long time and can be painful.

causes

A tension arises for various reasons. The muscles can acquire an unhealthy tension from physical-mechanical causes, but also by psychic triggers.

The mechanical tension results from the fact that the body was exposed to an unhealthy posture. For example, when sitting, it often happens that the back of the spine is tight. This is due to the fact that the human being sits in an unnatural way and thus has to change the position of the muscles.

Due to the length of this different position, the tension eventually arises. The same applies to all other muscle groups, such as the neck in combination with too much work on the computer.

Another physical cause is mismatched pairs of antagonists. One muscle of the pair may be underdeveloped, which may happen for example due to low stress. The main load in this case lies on the other muscle of the pair, which strains itself accordingly.

Stress is another reason for a tension. This changes the posture of humans, which is usually not a problem, as the stress should return quickly. However, if he does not do this, as is often the case in everyday working life, a painful tension develops. The neck and shoulder muscles are particularly often affected.

Diseases with this symptom

  • muscle tightness
  • Burnout syndrome
  • muscle strain
  • impingement Syndrome
  • skeletal dysplasia
  • scoliosis

When should you go to the doctor?

A tension does not require a doctor's visit. Often, the sufferer can even help with pain ointments, red light treatments or massages. But it can be different if the tensions lead to restricted mobility, severe pain or visual disturbances. Here medical examination is necessary. It must be determined why the tension has had such effects.

Even with tinnitus, tension can be the trigger. In this case, it makes sense to visit a physiotherapist or osteopath. This can determine the seat of the tension and solve the blockage manually. For severe tension-related complaints, a doctor can ensure by a local pain syringe that no restraint.

Unilateral stress at work or poor posture can lead to chronic tension over years. Visits to the orthopedist may be necessary here. The causes of the tension must be determined and, if possible, eliminated. Leg length differences or age-related foot problems, inappropriate furniture or other causes can be eliminated by the person concerned.

A chronic tension can also indicate a bad mattress. If the tense pain persists despite all measures, pain therapy should be considered. There are special pain therapists. Here sufferers often experience being treated with strong painkillers. Many were actually developed for completely different clinical pictures. Whether this is an appropriate solution, everyone should judge for themselves.

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Treatment & Therapy

You can treat tensions by simple hand acupressure yourself. Click to enlarge.

There are many different treatments for tension. One can initially treat symptomatically to relieve the pain - but the goal should be to correct the cause to permanently counteract the tension.

To treat the tension itself, it is recommended to use an analgesic. This can cover the pain, at least in the short term, until another treatment method is used. Also helpful are warm showers or a visit to the sauna, to keep the tense muscles warm. This relieves the pain of tension after some time.

For purely physical causes, physiotherapy is recommended. This can especially help if an antagonist pair has developed unhappily. Through massage, gymnastics or swimming exercises, the weaker muscles can be specifically promoted.

In this way, they relieve the tense muscles and ensure that the load is distributed more evenly. Relaxation methods such as yoga exercises or Shiatsu help to reduce mental stress. This can solve a permanent tension.

Outlook & Forecast

A tension can be acute or chronic. It can cause different consequences. It depends on these and the causes, what prognosis there is for the individual case of a tension. Many strain-induced tensions are to be remedied by more exercise and targeted sports exercises.

Our modern life has many stress factors. Many people spend hours working on one-sided work in unnatural postures. Many citizens take problems and worries to sleep. Permanent and chronic tension is therefore an increasing problem in healthcare.

Voltage-related dizziness, neck, back or headaches caused by tension can be treated with red light, physiotherapy exercises, relaxation therapies and pain ointments. Tension in the legs can be improved with magnesium or sparing.

It would be more important than fighting the symptoms, however, to identify the cause of the tension and resolve. Ergonomic office furniture can be helpful. If the strain is due to degenerative changes in the skeleton, the prognosis is worse. Also in Parkinson's disease resulting tensions are rather poor in the prognosis. They usually develop into motor disorders and movement restrictions.

prevention

Home remedies ↵ against tension In order to prevent tension, one should pay attention to a completely healthy work environment. An ergonomically shaped chair and regular relaxation exercises during work should be a prerequisite. Also helpful is the conscious training of the stressed muscle groups. The fact that you strengthen them before, a strain can not even arise and you stay healthy.

You can do that yourself

Tension helps a range of home remedies and measures. Light tensions in the neck and shoulder area can usually be solved by warmth and relaxation. Effective are, for example, hot water bottles and cherry stone pillows, but also electric heating pads and infrared lamps.

A hot shower or a relaxing bath will promote blood circulation and relax your muscles. Massages have the same effect and can be used for a better effect with, inter alia, lavender oil or Olbastropfen. Other home remedies for tensions are the anti-inflammatory ginger, barley grass and the analgesic peppermint. In addition, there are some effective medicinal herbs such as menthol, arnica, rosemary or camphor. Accompanying this, the strained area can be rubbed with warm olive oil or apple cider vinegar.

In the long term, tensions can be reduced by sports and stretching exercises. Anyone who sits a lot, should always incorporate walks into everyday life and also get up back friendly. In addition, possible causes for the tension should be corrected. A back-friendly office chair, for example, can reduce postural shoulder and neck pain. Stress-related tension can be solved by relaxation. If these measures do not bring the desired effect, a doctor's visit is recommended for further clarification.

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