Sweating is a normal process and usually serves as thermal compensation. Sweat secretion effectively uses the physical effect of evaporative cooling to remove excess heat through the skin. In addition, sweat in particular areas of the body, such as the armpits and the genitals, may contain pheromones and hormones that originally served to communicate moods. There are a few simple tips to counteract sweating.
When sweating becomes a problem
Sweat glands ensure that the person sweats. The skin has about two million sweat glands, which are distributed over the entire body surface. Furthermore, the sweat forms a kind of acid mantle; Thus, any pathogens can be repelled. Only the male glans and the lips have no sweat glands.
The highest concentration of sweat glands is present on the palms, the forehead and the soles of the feet. In sweat production one differentiates between a nervous and a thermoregulatory sweating. In thermoregulatory sweating is an increased body temperature and subsequently an increased blood temperature. Nervous sweating, on the other hand, is triggered by emotions.
If strong sweating is not thermoregulation but is attributable to emotional states such as anxiety, shyness, stage fright, or general nervousness, it can be a problem for those affected.
They fear that they will not be able to control their underarm appointments in meetings or in public, which further aggravates the problem. If no organic dysfunction or disease can be identified as the causative agent, excessive sweating is referred to as primary hyperhidrosis. There are several ways to control sweating.
10 tips against stubborn sweat production
There are many different ways to curb the problem. They range from so-called "deodorants" via relaxation techniques, botulinum toxin to surgical sweat gland removal and are briefly presented below:
- Deodorants (deodorants) are personal care products that are designed as a spray or roller mainly for use in the underarm area. They cover unpleasant sweat odor with fragrances. In addition, they have an antibacterial effect to prevent unpleasant odors.
- Antiperspirants usually contain aluminum salts, which narrow the sweat ducts to inhibit perspiration. The agents can be combined with prescription anticholinergics that inhibit the action of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. This leads inter alia to a reduced welding production.
- Often the hyperhidrosis is caused by obesity and favors. Weight loss in these cases helps to improve the problem of excessive sweat production.
- Excessive consumption and consumption of coffee, alcohol and cigarettes can also cause increased sweating - especially in the armpits - so that in many cases a reduction in stimulants also improves the problem of hyperhidrosis.
- Basically, sufferers are advised to wear breathable clothing, so that the moisture can be removed as quickly as possible to the outside. This also enhances the effect of evaporative cooling which, in the form of feedback, dampens sweat production.
Synthetic garments should be avoided. Furthermore, it is advisable to look out for the outside temperatures and not to put on excessively warm clothing if the person concerned is overly or slightly sweating.
- For people with a high level of stress recurrence, professional relaxation techniques promise to relieve symptoms. Mediation or regular yoga exercises are a great way to take a little rest in everyday life.
- Baths with tannins or ointments that contain tannins should be able to curb sweat production. This is especially true for the reduction of foot sweat.
- Doctors specializing in botulinum toxin (Botox) treatments offer appropriate syringes to treat hyperhidrosis. The poison acts locally and paralyzes the motor nerves for a certain time.
- Also DC treatments (iontophoresis) by means of a water bath, which are particularly well suited for the treatment of foot sweats are offered. Treatments must be repeated several times and extend over a period of time. Devices for home use are also available.
- In difficult and very persistent cases sweat glands in the armpit can also be surgically removed and scraped. It is an irreversible process that should weigh the benefits and risks well.
Hormone disorders as a trigger
Hormonal imbalances or hormonal changes are also considered to be the cause of excessive sweating. In pubescent teenagers, the period of hormonal change may be accompanied by heavy sweating. Many women also suffer from hyperhidrosis during hormonal changes during menopause. In many cases, the pathological sweating is caused by hyperthyroidism.
Why you should not despair
As stated above, there are graduated measures and therapies to effectively counteract unpleasant hyperhidrosis. It is recommended to start with treatment options that are reversible. Treatment methods that are irreversible, such as surgical removal of the sweat glands, should only be chosen after careful consideration of the pros and cons.
Excessive sweating is distressing in the social sphere. Many sufferers tend to withdraw from other people and become depressed. In this case it is advisable to consult a doctor to remedy the condition.
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