• Friday July 10,2020


The abduction splint is a special medical splint. It serves to support the upper arm in abduction posture.

What is an abduction track?

If excessive shoulder pain can not be avoided due to excessive pain, then an abduction splint after the operation has a positive effect on the healing process.

An abduction splint is a special splint that serves as a medical device. It is also referred to as shoulder abduction splint, shoulder abduction pillow, arm abduction pillow, or postman pillow. The latter term is due to the fact that the rail resembles the postal bag of a mailman who has wrapped it around his arm.

The abduction splint is one of the dressings and ensures a stable position of the injured upper arm on the elbow. The arm is about a hand's breadth from the hull. The shoulder abduction splint is very important for the treatment, as the arm would otherwise rest against the body, which in turn has a negative effect on the success of the therapy.

The term abduction comes from Latin. Translated, it means something like "lead away".

Shapes, types & types

An abduction splint is usually used to treat the upper arm or shoulder joint. There are different variants in different shapes and sizes. Widely used is the shoulder abduction cushion. It serves to fix the upper arm with the help of a Velcro fastener. In this way the shoulder joint can be immobilized and relieved.

The abduction cushion resembles a sports bag and is attached with Velcro around the upper body. The cushion acts as a shelf for the arm so that it rests on it. By means of a belt system it is possible to adjust an inclination angle between 10 and 75 degrees, if necessary.

The low weight of the abduction cushion allows a comfortable fit. In addition, the armpit arm remains free, which improves the body hygiene. A shoulder abduction splint can be placed on both the right and left sides of the body. Fixing the rail is no problem.

A special variant of the abduction splint is the abduction splint. It is used in the area of ​​the hip and ensures its spread. Likewise, with his help, the thighs can be distinguished. An abduction wedge is used as part of a postoperative rehabilitation after a hip replacement surgery or to counteract deformities in children. Depending on the shape and size, the attachment of the abduction wedge to child seats or vehicles takes place. Following surgery, the patient places the special rail in bed.

Structure & functionality

An abduction splint is made up of an overlay, which is usually a pillow. This edition fixes the upper arm to be treated in abduction posture and anteversion. The abduction pad usually has the shape of a wedge or a cylinder. It can have a solid structure or be bloated.

The attachment of the pillow to the body takes place with a shoulder strap and a waist belt. Some abduction rails are also equipped with a support for the hand. Through the shoulder strap, the pillow hangs like a bag on the side of the body, on her is the forearm.

The advantages of the abduction splint include that the upper body remains free and the mobility of the thumb and fingers is not limited. The anatomical cut of the abduction pad allows safe storage of the arm. Another shoulder strap securely fixes the shoulder joint.

The positive effect of the abduction splint is based on the pressure relief of the subacromial space. At the same time, the ventral limbus as well as the parts of the capsule are relieved. The splint can also be used to prevent adhesions of the axillary recess that can result in frozen shoulders.

Since the splint can be easily opened, functional post-treatments can be carried out quickly and easily. With the help of the abduction pad's hand rest, it is also possible to train the arm in an early-functional manner. The application of the special orthosis can already take place in the operating room. By opening the arm straps, there is the option of immediate postoperative mobilization of the wrist and elbow. The postoperative physiotherapy is greatly facilitated by the abduction splint.

Medical and health benefits

The abduction splint or abduction pad has positive effects on the health of the patient. Thus, the track allows early physiotherapy exercises after surgery, which in turn has a positive effect on the healing process. In addition, the back muscles and tendons can be relieved.

A shoulder abduction splint is used after a shoulder or shoulder injury such as shoulder dislocation (dislocation of the shoulder), or surgery such as osteosynthesis. The areas of application of the special rail can therefore be both conservative and operational.

Common indications include acute or chronic bursitis, impingement syndrome, humeral head fractures, sprains, bruising, or a so-called frozen shoulder following anesthesia mobilization. Further fields of application are therapies for a rotator cuff tear, the removal of calcium deposits or the implantation of a shoulder prosthesis. Likewise, the Abduktionskissen is temporarily suitable for the outpatient treatment of a surgical intervention in a congenital scapula. Another area of ​​application is the restoration of shoulder mobility in case of painful frozen shoulder. After introducing an artificial shoulder joint, the patient wears the abduction splint for the first few weeks.

The carrying weight of the shoulder abduction pad is not a burden. In addition, the terry cushions ensure a comfortable fit. In the aftercare of a humeral head fracture, the wide support surface of the risers must ensure a safe and stable reduction of weight in the neck region, to ensure a stress-free healing of the injured structures. Soft tissue swelling and lymph congestion can be avoided by using a cross-elastic material that provides a slight compression effect.

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