Occurrence & cultivation of the field widow's flowerMedically effective are leaves and flowers of the medicinal plant. The leaves can be used fresh and also dried for tea preparation. The field widow's flower ( Knautia arvensis ) belongs to the family of the honeysuckle family ( Caprifoliaceae ) and is also called field scabious, meadow widow's flower, meadow scabious and Krätz herb. This old name shows that it used to be treated with scabies, an unpleasant skin disease.
The perennial herbaceous field-widow flower is 30 to 80 cm high and has a sturdy tap root. Their stems are covered with stiff, protruding hairs. It has gray-green dull and feathery leaves that are arranged opposite one another. Their cup-shaped blue-pink inflorescences are surrounded by an outer cup formed by bracts and covered with rough hairs and 50 single flowers.
The old medicinal plant can be found all over Europe and Asia up to altitudes of 1, 500 meters. In Central Europe, it stands on meadows, semi-arid grasslands and extensively managed fields. The field scabiosa prefers sunny and semi-shady locations and dry, light and nutrient-poor sandy soils.
Its leaves and flowers are collected in July / August. The fresh young leaves are excellent as an ingredient to wild herbs salads, soups and omelets. If you are too bitter, you can put them in lukewarm water for two hours. The flowers of the Krätz-Krauts are also edible. The field widow's flower can be easily confused with the pigeon scabious.
Effect & application
The field widow's flower contains bitter substances, tannic acid, tannins and triterpene glycosides. It has a urinary, blood-purifying, mucus-releasing, metabolism and digestive stimulating effect. Due to their astringent properties, swellings quickly recede when treated externally with field widow flower envelopes. Its anti-inflammatory effect refers to internal infections and also to external (wound infections).
Medically effective are leaves and flowers of the medicinal plant. The leaves can be used fresh and also dried for tea preparation. The medicinal plant can be used for internal and external treatment. To prepare Acker-Widengblumen tea, the patient pours a teaspoon of fresh or half a teaspoon dried leaves with a cup of hot water and leaves the tea for five to ten minutes before sapping it. It is recommended to drink two to three cups of it daily.
The tincture can also be made by yourself. To do this, the user simply infuses the flowers and / or leaves in the screw-on glass with double grain so that they are completely in the alcohol. The sealed glass must then be stored for two to six weeks depending on the desired intensity. Then the liquid is strained through a coffee filter. Of the field widow flower tincture one to three times daily 10 to 50 drops are taken.
Tea and tincture should be used internally only as a 6-week course of treatment. After a treatment break lasting several weeks, the application can be continued for another 6 weeks if necessary. Meadow scabious is also used externally as tea and (diluted) tincture. To treat open wounds, burns, bruises, puffiness and rashes, the user wets envelopes with tea or tincture and places them on the skin to be healed.
The herb itself can also be used as a support. In the past, it relieved anal itching and helped to prevent infections caused by roundworms. Also effective are field widow flowers washings and baths. To do this, the patient simply pours the decoction or diluted tincture into the bathwater. In the past, doctors also used the plant in ointments. In homeopathy, primary tincture, tep (fresh plant trituration) and globules are used for treatment.
From the original tincture, which is intended to stimulate the flow of speech and is derived from fresh flowering plants, 20 drops are taken twice a day. The tea - which uses roots and fresh field widow flower leaves - is consumed as 2 to 3 times 1 tablet per day. The globules are available, for example, in the potencies D6, 7, 9, 10, 12, 15, 30, 60, 100 and 200. The patient melts 5 globules 3 times a day on the tongue. For acute complaints the 5 globules are taken every hour. All dosage forms of the field widow's flower are well tolerated and have no side effects.
Importance for Health, Treatment & Prevention
The medicinal herb Acker-Witwenblume, which has been known for centuries, has a broad spectrum of applications, but only a small part is used today. The anti-inflammatory effect of the plant is evident in the treatment of rashes, eczema, seborrhoea, ulcers, abscesses and boils. Even minor skin problems such as acne can be treated effectively.
As a medicinal tea, the active ingredients of the field-widow's flower in throat infections, cough and diseases of the lower respiratory tract (bronchitis). In urinary tract diseases such as cystitis, they offer rapid relief thanks to their urinary effect. In addition, the old natural remedy helps with constipation and loss of appetite.
In Bach flower therapy, Knautia arvensis is used as a means of anxiety solution. In earlier times, field widow's flower is said to have even healed epilepsy. Homeopathy uses them mostly in the potencies D2 to D12, if so digestive complaints, airway inflammation and rashes and acne are to be cured. In addition, it helps patients with cystitis, throat infections, coughing and listlessness.