Adenitis refers to an inflammatory disease of the glands. Since there are many glands in the human body, it is a generic term for various diseases. The reasons for this can vary.

What is an adenitis?

The term "adenitis" is understood by physicians as inflammation of the glands. The term therefore stands for a collective term that includes different glandular inflammations.

The term "adenitis" is understood by physicians as inflammation of the glands. The term therefore does not stand for an independent disease, but for a collective term that includes different glandular inflammation.

Glands have a variety of tasks in the body and form among other important secretions or hormones that the organism needs for proper function. Due to the diverse tasks of the different glands, the syndromes of adenitis can vary greatly.

However, inflamed glands always indicate the presence of a disease. The causes can be as varied as the accompanying symptoms. Since it may also be a more severe illness, a glandular inflammation should always be clarified by a medical examination.

causes

The causes of adenitis may be caused by bacteria or viruses or may be due to secretion in the glandular area. Some autoimmune or genetic diseases result in inflamed glands.

For example, if the pancreas is inflamed, this is usually due to a lack of secretion transport, which can grow into a potentially life-threatening pancreatitis. One of the viral triggers for adenitis is the childhood disease mumps, which particularly affects the parotid glands. One of the largest glands in the human body is the liver.

If it is inflamed, experts talk about hepatitis. Since the liver in particular contributes significantly to the detoxification of the organism, this disease can potentially be life-threatening if left untreated. The symptoms of adenitis include swelling, fatigue, abdominal pain, general symptoms of intoxication or abscesses.

Symptoms, complaints & signs

Depending on its cause, adenitis can cause various symptoms and discomfort. In liver disease, it usually comes to tiredness and typical symptoms of intoxication such as fever, sweating and nausea. If a gland in the stomach area is affected (pancreatitis), the adenitis is characterized by abdominal pain, bloating and diarrhea.

It can also lead to constipation, if the disease is not treated. Salivary gland inflammation is noticeable by swelling of the face and pain. In bacterial infections, abscesses form, which can inflame and are usually also associated with severe pain. Thyroid adenitis can cause a variety of symptoms, such as hormonal imbalances, skin irritation and serious gastrointestinal discomfort.

Organ disorders can also occur in severe cases. Externally, adenitis may be due to paleness and sunken eye sockets. Other signs depend on which gland is affected - possible include hair loss, acne and brittle fingernails.

Adenitis can be clearly diagnosed on the basis of the symptoms and symptoms mentioned. The localization of the glandular disorder must be determined by means of a detailed discussion with the person concerned and further investigation methods. If the disease is detected early, usually no further symptoms occur.

Diagnosis & History

If there is a suspicion of adenitis, the attending physician will conduct a comprehensive discussion with the patient and also take into account his medical history. Often a detailed description of the symptoms is enough to determine the affected gland.

In addition, a blood test takes place. An ultrasound examination, especially in the abdominal region, can also provide information about whether the liver or pancreas is affected. The course of an adenitis largely depends on which gland is inflamed and to what extent. An inflammation of the salivary glands is usually painful, but sounds in many cases within a few days again.

Pancreatitis, on the other hand, leads, if left untreated, to a decomposition of the pancreas due to its own digestive secretions and can result in death. If hepatitis remains unrecognized and continues to progress, it also leads to a deadly liver cirrhosis.

When should you go to the doctor?

In the case of suspected adenitis should always be gone to the family doctor. Warning signs that speak for a medical clarification are typical general symptoms such as fatigue, mood swings or headaches.

Recurrent fever, nausea and apathy are signs of a serious underlying disease, which must be clarified. If it comes again and again to these or similar complaints that can not be attributed to another cause, a doctor should be consulted. This is especially true for a rapid increase in symptoms or when the various symptoms are increasing.

Anyone who feels an increasing feeling of weakness should also talk to a doctor. In addition to adenitis, other glandular diseases can be the cause, which must also be diagnosed and if necessary treated. If it accompanies skin changes, swelling or abscesses, we recommend an immediate visit to the doctor. Anyone who notices tissue changes or a bloated face after waking up should go to the emergency room with the symptoms. In case of severe complaints, an emergency doctor should be alerted.

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Treatment & Therapy

If adenitis has been detected during the medical examination, the attending physician will initiate appropriate therapy. If it is a bacterial infection, it is usually treated with antibiotics, which causes a rapid healing of the inflammation.

Particularly mild forms of adenitis can also cure themselves without any problem, without even needing medical treatment; a clarification by the doctor is nevertheless advisable. If severe pancreatitis is present, the organ must be temporarily preserved; The food is then taken via a nasogastric tube. Depending on how far the pancreas has been damaged, surgical intervention may be required. This will remove the damaged tissue.

Hepatitis is treated depending on the individual trigger. If a viral cause is present, symptomatic treatment is usually advisable. If there is a risk that the disease may take a chronic course, strong medications will also be used. In the advanced stage, ie severe damage to the liver, a liver transplant may be necessary as a life-saving measure.

If adenitis has developed as a result of autoimmune disease, it is advisable to administer immunosuppressants. These reduce the activity of the immune system and thus prevent the reaction of the organism or the affected glands. In this case, however, it is important to avoid other infections, which can occur more often due to the weakened immune system.

Outlook & Forecast

Adenitis can lead to different symptoms and complications. The further course depends strongly on the cause of the inflammation. In most cases, inflammation of the salivary glands causes severe pain. In the worst case, this can lead to death if the salivary gland is decomposed by the digestive secretions. It can also lead to fatal cirrhosis. For this reason, the diagnosis and treatment of adenitis is timely and must be carried out to prevent consequential damage and complications.

In most cases, the treatment of adenitis is carried out with the help of antibiotics. This can lead to various side effects. If it is just a mild form of the disease, it generally heals on its own and there are no further complaints. In severe cases, surgery may be needed to remove the damaged tissue. In the case of complicated liver damage, a transplantation of the organ is necessary for the patient to survive. Depending on the severity of adenitis, the patient's life expectancy may be reduced by the disease.

prevention

Preventing adenitis is not possible on a flat-rate basis because it involves different diseases that affect very different glands and body regions. Of course, as always, a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet and adequate exercise is recommended, as it can already prevent the development of many diseases.

Inflammation of the liver and the pancreas can best be prevented by a low-fat diet and especially by the moderate handling of alcohol. In many cases, these illnesses are due to a misuse of the pleasure-poison. If symptoms such as facial swelling, abdominal pain or constant fatigue occur, a doctor should be consulted to prevent progression of the condition.

aftercare

An adenitis is the inflammation of a specific gland in the human body. Often there is an underlying adenitis in an existing adenitis, which should be treated by a doctor necessarily. Corresponding follow-up care is very important and important in the case of existing adenitis. It is important that the person concerned eliminates the cause of existing adenitis.

Even in such a case, appropriate follow-up examinations are very important so that a renewed adenitis can be detected and treated early. If the diseased person dispenses with follow-up examinations, there is a high risk of a new illness. Anyone who follows up on a follow-up examination immediately after the disease has survived, avoids unnecessary complications.

If no such follow-up examinations are carried out, complications very likely to occur, which could even be life-threatening in particularly severe cases. An appropriate aftercare is therefore very important and important in the case of an existing adenitis, so that serious complications can be avoided.

You can do that yourself

If an adenitis has been diagnosed, a drug treatment is initiated. The antibiotic therapy can be supported by those affected through a series of measures.

First and foremost, physical protection is important. Cool symptoms can help with symptoms such as tiredness or abdominal pain. Diseases of the ears or internal organs require medical treatment. In particularly mild forms of adenitis, medical treatment is not necessarily required. Often, the symptoms go back on their own once the trigger has been fixed. In contrast, severe pancreatitis requires individually adjusted therapy. The doctor will first suggest to the patient a change in diet or ensure food intake via a nasogastric tube.

Depending on how severely the pancreas is damaged, surgery may be useful. Following this, the patient should first spare himself. Especially in the first days after surgery, the body is very weak.

The person concerned should not first do sports and support recovery through a healthy and balanced diet. As there is an increased risk of relapse, regular visits to the doctor are advisable. In case of unusual complaints should be discussed immediately with the responsible physician.

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