What is an adenocarcinoma?An adenocarcinoma is a malignant tumor. It develops from glandular tissue.
In medicine, the distinction of glandular tissue in adenoma and adenocarcinoma is distinguished. An adenoma is a benign cell change. The malignant change of the tissue is called adenocarcinoma. Doctors also refer to a malignant tumor in these cases. Malignancy refers to processes of physical change that have a progressive and at the same time destructive character.
In severe cases, they can lead to the death of the patient. Adenocarcinomas are found in a variety of cancers that spread almost throughout the body. Among the best known are breast cancer, stomach cancer or colon cancer. Adenocarcinoma is also found in lung cancer, renal carcinoma and prostate cancer. Other cancers in which adenocarcinoma develops are
Pancreatic carcinoma, bile duct carcinoma, esophagus and carcinoma of the uterus. The adenocarcinomas have different growth patterns, which are subdivided microbiologically and macrobiologically. They often talk about an unwanted loss of weight, the appearance of nausea, inexplicably occurring bleeding and a lack of energy or power despite existing will.
They are diverse and not all risk factors have been found so far. Therefore, a general statement can not be made. Some people have genetic dispositions. These can be inherited or mutated during life. In addition, environmental influences, such as gases or pollutants in the air, cause cancer.
A weakened immune system can also increase the risk of a tumor disease. The ingestion of toxins by alcohol or nicotine is considered carcinogenic. If the body is exposed to heavy loads over a longer period of time, cell divisions will increase. This can be a cause of tumor formation.
Symptoms, complaints & signs
The symptoms are dependent on the place of origin and the type of adenocarcinoma. It therefore comes to individual symptoms. Often there is blood in the urine or stool and the vomiting of blood. Unexplained pain occurs in the affected regions.
The digestion is disturbed or a sense of body size develops. It can come to palpable hardening of the neoplasms or under the skin, bumps set by the proliferating tissue. Malfunctions or failures of the affected organs occur. The patient suffers from lack of energy, nausea or vomiting. The symptoms are manifold and are often initially attributed to other conditions, such as a cold or a heart attack.
Painful urination or sexual activity can develop. Physical or sports activities are perceived as exhausting. The general well-being sinks and it can come to a change of mood. The pain increases steadily in the following weeks. It can lead to insomnia, restlessness and exhaustion.
Diagnosis & History
The growth of adenocarcinoma is progressive. The carcinoma usually grows for weeks or months until it is surgically removed. The diagnosis is made to a doctor. The methods used are imaging techniques, such as x-rays, the creation of a blood count or the removal of tissue samples.
When should you go to the doctor?
The risk of adenocarcinoma is that this form of cancer is often diagnosed too late. First symptoms such as heartburn and mild dysphagia often do not cause a doctor's visit. This is not necessary at first, but the symptoms should continue to be monitored. If they persist, it is advisable to consult the family doctor. If symptoms such as pain during food intake, spasms of the esophagus or a feeling of choking in the throat occur, a doctor should be consulted in a timely manner.
In case of suspected esophageal disease, referral to an internist is usually issued. The named symptoms can not only indicate a life-threatening illness, they also severely limit the quality of life. No treatment or symptomatic self-treatment will increase the symptoms. The esophagus is further irritated by ascending gastric and bile acids. For persistent sore throat, hoarseness, cough, increased salivation, regurgitation, palpable nodes in the neck and permanently swollen lymph nodes also a specialist (ENT, internist) to visit.
Other symptoms such as diarrhea and vomiting (especially when blood is added) occur as the disease progresses and require immediate treatment. Non-treatment leads to life-threatening conditions due to dehydration, mineral deficiency and impending circulatory collapse. Due to the accompanying weight loss the patient loses more and more resistance. Also persistent or severe neck and back pain are serious complaints that suggest a wide progression of the disease.
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Treatment & Therapy
Treatment for adenocarcinoma depends on the size and the site of the carcinoma. In most cases, a surgical procedure is performed. In this, the diseased tissue is removed. This is followed by chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Chemotherapy uses substances that are supposed to prevent cell division.
The substances used are cytostatic agents. Within the therapy the cell division of cancer cells as well as of healthy cells is prevented. As a result, the patient is suffering from numerous side effects of chemotherapy. These include hair loss, impaired mucous membranes in the nose, mouth and throat and discomfort of the digestive tract. The patient suffers from fatigue, tiredness, vomiting and nausea.
In addition, there may be an increased tendency to bleed. Within a radiotherapy, the diseased tissue is attacked and destroyed by ionizing radiation. Side effects of the therapy include headache, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and loss of appetite. In addition, problems of digestion as well as inflammatory lesions may occur.
The side effects of chemotherapy or radiotherapy are very stressful for the patient. They are long-lasting and can trigger further mental problems. The person concerned can not pursue any professional activity for several months or years. In addition, he lives for several years in the fear that the cancer will continue to spread, in new places or in spite of the measures taken recurs.
Outlook & Forecast
Since adenocarcinoma is a malignant tumor, it causes the usual complications of cancer, which severely limit the quality of life and, in the worst case, can lead to the death of the patient. In most cases, it comes to blood in bowel movements or bloody vomiting. Patients often suffer from panic attacks when they see bloody vomiting or a bloody bowel movement.
Furthermore, there are complaints of digestion and abdominal pain. Those affected suffer from diarrhea, nausea and vomiting frequently. Likewise, pain occurs at the toilet and a general feeling of malaise arises in the affected person. Most patients also suffer from mood changes and depressive moods.
Pain and discomfort during digestion can also cause sleep problems. The loss of appetite also leads to malnutrition and deficiency symptoms.
The treatment itself does not lead to complications. However, complete healing can not occur if the tumor has already spread to other regions of the body. In the further course the patient dies from the consequences of the cancer. Life expectancy due to adenocarcinoma is usually limited.
To avoid the adenocarcinoma, there are no fixed and universal precautionary possibilities. A healthy lifestyle can minimize the risk of developing a carcinoma, but it is not a unique selling proposition. A healthy and balanced diet and the avoidance of toxins such as alcohol, nicotine or drugs are recommended measures.
In addition, care should be taken to ensure adequate sleep and avoid permanent stress. As an additional measure, participation in various periodic health check-ups may be used. The control examinations should be carried out at a certain age at repeated intervals.
In adenocarcinoma, the options for follow-up are usually severely limited. Since this disease is a tumor, the person concerned should take part in regular examinations in order to be able to identify and treat other tumors at an early stage. In general, an early diagnosis and treatment of the disease has a positive effect on the further course and can prevent complications.
In most cases, adenocarcinoma is removed by surgery. After this procedure, the affected person should rest in any case and protect his body. It is necessary to refrain from strenuous activities or sports activities in order to protect the body. Furthermore, radiotherapy is often necessary to relieve the symptoms completely. However, adenocarcinoma can not always be treated in general.
In some cases, it also leads to the death of the person affected or to a significantly reduced life expectancy. Since adenocarcinoma can also lead to mental illness or depression, it makes sense to have contact with other people affected by the disease. This can lead to an exchange of information that can make everyday life easier.
You can do that yourself
A diagnosed adenocarcinoma is a serious condition requiring medical attention. Self-treatment does not cure the disease, but it can alleviate the symptoms.
The biggest drawback in everyday life is the difficulty swallowing during food intake. Therefore, the consistency of the food should not be too firm. Too hot and spicy foods irritate the lining of the esophagus and can cause additional pain. In order to avoid heartburn - which would also attack the mucous membrane - the consumption of several small meals throughout the day has proved to be beneficial.
Basically, a balanced, healthy diet is very important. A sufficient amount of vitamins, ballast and minerals strengthens the body's defense and supports the organism during the healing process.
It is also important to minimize additional stress: exercise in the fresh air, relaxation exercises such as autogenic training, light endurance sports or listening to music can help. Since cancer is also a great emotional burden for those affected, the consultation should be reviewed by a psychotherapist.
Even regular discussions in a self-help group can help to balance this psychological pressure. In order to support the body during a chemotherapy and radiation therapy, the intake of concentrated micronutrients or homeopathic remedies is a possibility.