What are bath products?Bath additives are added to the water in full and sitz baths.
Many people not only take a bath for cleaning, they also lie in the bathtub for relaxation. But bathing in warm water does not just help to reduce stress. Balneotherapy makes use of the therapeutic effect of baths and the active ingredients contained therein.
The most original form of this bath therapy is bathing in warm salt or healing water. Often bathing supplements are also added to the bath water, which should support the effect of water and heat. Bath additives can be added to sitting or full baths. Seats are mainly used for diseases of the anal and genital area.
It can be differentiated between cold, rising and warm sitz baths. Also known is the potassium permanganate sitz bath. The bath additive potassium permanganate is mainly used in the treatment of diaper dermatitis.
Shapes, types & types
There are many different bath products. A classic is the bath salt. It is a granular bath additive consisting of inorganic salts such as borax, sodium chloride or sodium phosphate. Bath salts in the form of bath tablets also contain binders such as talc or starch. Bath salts can also bubble. For this citric acid or tartaric acid is added. Often the bath salt is mixed with dyes and / or fragrances. Thus, the bath water discolored and smells, for example, spruce or rose. The fragrances can be differentiated between perfumes and natural essential oils. Furthermore, bath salts can also contain surfactants. Surfactants are substances that reduce the surface tension of a liquid. In the bath salt, they function as detergent-active substances or as solubilizers.
Bath oil is a liquid bath additive. Bath oils include various oils such as almond oil, jojoba oil, grape seed oil, apricot kernel oil or evening primrose oil. As a rule, bath oils are very economical. Like bath salt, bath oil can also be mixed with aromatic oils or perfumes. In contrast to the bath salt, the bath oil does not completely dissolve in the water.
Cream baths are usually liquid bath additives. They do not contain as much oil as the bath oils and mix better with the water due to the added emulsifiers. Again, different color and scent variations are possible.
A trend is currently the so-called bath bombs. These are solid bath additives, which are usually available in the form of fist-sized balls. If these bath balls are added to the bath water, they dissolve and have a tingling effect due to the formation of small bubbles. Bath bombs contain bicarbonate in addition to salt. This is responsible for the bubbly effect.
Structure & functionality
Most bath products are added to the incoming bath water. It should be paid attention to the correct water temperature. Cold baths have a temperature between 15 and 18 degrees Celsius. Some bath products do not dissolve in cold water. More often, however, warm baths are taken. Here, the bath temperature should be between 37 and 39 degrees Celsius. Temperature-rising baths should only be carried out under the supervision of qualified pool personnel.
Depending on the bath additive, the therapeutic bath should not take longer than fifteen minutes. The normal bath time is between ten and fifteen minutes. For some indications, the bath should not last longer than two to three minutes.
Which bath additive should be chosen depends on the intention and the indication. A bath additive for relaxation should contain soothing ingredients such as lavender or hops. Cold baths work well with essential oils of eucalyptus or thyme. For dry or sensitive skin, oil or cream baths should be preferred. Bath bombs often have no health effect but serve only the bathing pleasure.
Medical and health benefits
The medical and health benefits of each bath additive depends on the ingredients. Bathing leads to relaxation of the muscles by the warmth of the water. The blood circulation increases and the cardiac-output increases at constant blood pressure values.
Main areas of application for bath additives are skin diseases, diseases of the rheumatic type such as fibromyalgia or rheumatoid arthritis, regeneration and psychosomatic diseases. Even after sports injuries, colds or tensions bathing supplements can be helpful.
In skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis in particular brine has proven to be a bath additive. While regular baths often remove moisture from the skin, the brine keeps the water in the outer horny layer of the skin. This preserves the natural protective layer of the skin. In addition, essential minerals enter the systemic circulation with the brine. These can stimulate the metabolism and contribute to an activation of the self-healing powers.
For cold baths bath salts with eucalyptus, thyme or mountain pine are suitable. The essential oils of these plants have antiviral and antibacterial properties. They strengthen the immune system and can alleviate the body aches, which often occur at the beginning of a cold. A bath with a cold-soothing bath additive should only be taken at the first sign of a cold. If you already have symptoms such as cough, runny nose or fever, a hot bath with such a bath additive is not recommended. The burden on the sick body would be too high.
In case of muscle and joint complaints bath salts with comfrey, arnica or rosemary are suitable. Comfrey helps to relieve musculoskeletal discomfort. Arnica has both anti-inflammatory and analgesic. Rosemary improves the circulation of tissue and muscles, relieving tension. For the treatment of joint pain bathing supplements are used with rosemary.