What is nausea?Nausea usually occurs as a sign of vomiting. However, the person concerned does not always have to surrender forcibly.
Nausea usually occurs as a sign of vomiting. However, the person concerned does not always have to surrender forcibly. The sensation of nausea is introduced in the brain's vomiting center when special stimuli have been stimulated in the stomach.
Nausea is not rarely accompanied by other symptoms, such as fever, dizziness, headache and sweating. Often, the nausea is preceded or interacted with stomach pain, abdominal pain, or gastrointestinal spasms.
Normally, nausea is rather harmless and goes away by itself after a few hours. However, if the nausea persists for longer (over several days), medical help should be sought immediately.
Nausea can have many different causes. The most common cause is an overreaction of the stomach to toxic substances absorbed by the food. These poisons also include moldy foods, toadstools (food poisoning) and alcohol (alcohol poisoning). In addition, pathogens, such as bacteria, can lead to nausea.
But the feeling of nausea can also be triggered by the brain itself. This is often the case, for example, with motion sickness, metabolic disorders and pregnancy.
In addition to numerous illnesses that may also be considered nausea (see below), drugs, chemotherapy and narcosis are among the causes.
Diseases with this symptom
- Angina pectoris
- stomach ulcer
- salmonella poisoning
- Acute abdomen
- alcohol intoxication
- abdominal influenza
- alcohol intoxication
- Food poisoning
- Food intolerance
- stomach cancer
- irritable stomach
- Duodenal ulcer
- bilious attack
Diagnosis & History
As with other symptoms, the doctor can gain clues from the interplay of questioning and physical examination, leading him to a correct diagnosis.
Questions about pre-existing conditions or possible triggers (alcohol, drugs) are necessary to anticipate potential illnesses. Abdominal and bowel examinations initiate physical examinations and should be accompanied by urine and blood tests. A computed tomography of the head and a gastroscopy are also possible.
The nausea usually shows in the course of an unpleasant sensation in the epigastrium. Often this is described as a "dull feeling". Accompanying this is a nausea that intensifies over time, which is the main characteristic of nausea.
Despite its function as a protective mechanism, nausea can lead to various complications. At first, nausea irritates the gastrointestinal tract and often leads to further complaints such as diarrhea or constipation. In the long term, nausea increases the risk of inflammation in the stressed areas of the body. The nausea itself can also lead to stomach cramps, chills and pain attacks.
If nausea results in vomiting, it may result in a lack of fluids and nutrients such as electrolytes. Also, the esophagus becomes overly irritated, increasing the risk of Mallory-Weiss syndrome or Boerhaave syndrome.
In case of frequent nausea with vomiting, the teeth are damaged in addition to the pharynx. Also, the transmission of pathogens is one possible complication of nausea with vomiting. Acutely, nausea with vomiting can lead to aspiration and, as a consequence, to respiratory insufficiency, ie a chronic lack of oxygen.
In the treatment of nausea, home remedies and medications may initially aggravate the symptoms. If the nausea is due to a serious disease of the gastrointestinal tract, a variety of complications can occur in a possible operation, always depending on the cause and the constitution of the patient.
When should you go to the doctor?
Nausea can occur for many different reasons. However, a doctor does not always have to be consulted immediately, as long as the cause can be determined with high probability. However, if the nausea occurs repeatedly or over a very long period of time, then definitely should go to the doctor. In such a case, the cause of the nausea should be found by a doctor so that a serious underlying disease can be ruled out.
In many cases, a gastrointestinal infection is responsible for severe nausea. In addition, there are other diseases, such as increased temperature, vomiting and dizziness. If these symptoms are present, a doctor should be consulted as soon as possible. A specialist can prescribe appropriate medication in such a case, which quickly and effectively relieve the existing infection. However, those who refrain from a drug treatment by a specialist who exposes himself to a great risk. The individual symptoms may possibly worsen considerably, so that a visit to the doctor is absolutely necessary.
Thus: Who suffers from permanent nausea, should definitely consult a doctor. Only then can the exact cause and any serious underlying disease be detected early. Otherwise, there may be an acute mortal danger if treatment by a doctor is not required.
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Treatment & Therapy
Nausea usually does not need to be treated, because usually gluttony or too much alcohol is the cause of a disgruntled stomach. Here, the nausea passes by itself after a few hours and usually requires no medical treatment.
However, if the nausea occurs for several days or in the context of other symptoms of illness, a doctor should be consulted. He will do an exact survey, focusing on the duration and intensity of the nausea. For further examination then belongs the physical diagnosis, in which bowel sounds and stomach pains are possibly examined more closely.
The diagnosis usually includes a urine test and a blood test. Also in case of nausea, an ultrasound examination and electrocardiogram (ECG) can be performed. Also, a gastroscopy and X-ray examination of the stomach and abdominal cavity are useful.
Outlook & Forecast
In most cases, nausea need not be treated by a doctor. It often occurs only temporarily and then disappears again by itself, without causing further discomfort or complications. The nausea itself usually occurs only as a concomitant symptom of a disease, which is why always targeted the underlying disease should be treated.
It is advisable to see a doctor if the symptom occurs over a long period of time and can not be linked to any particular illness.
If it comes to the nausea by the intake of alcohol and other drugs, so the symptom usually disappears by itself, if the drug has been broken down by the body. Common nausea and vomiting are also common with common colds or colds and gastrointestinal disorders. In these cases, it is also possible to use medicines that reduce the symptoms, since the patient is severely restricted in his or her everyday life due to nausea. Likewise, it is not possible to be physically or physically active.
If the symptom and the underlying disease are treated successfully, there are usually no further complications.
Home remedies & herbs for nausea
If the nausea is not based on illness you can treat it very well with herbs and home remedies. Especially gastrointestinal teas, which are made of peppermint or chamomile, make a gentle contribution to recovery. Likewise, ginger products also have a favorable effect on the well-being of nausea.
↳ More information: Home remedies for nausea
You can do that yourself
Nausea has mostly harmless causes and can be treated effectively with the help of some self-measures and home remedies. When digestive problems especially help teas from sage, ginger or chamomile. In addition, nausea should temporarily be avoided on irritating and spicy foods. Instead, stomach-friendly foods such as rusk and tea or pretzel sticks and cola are recommended.
Furthermore, sufferers should make sure that they take many, smaller meals, drink plenty throughout the day and keep the blood sugar levels stable. If you suffer from nausea, you should also move a lot in the fresh air and make sure that the clothes are loose on the body. Pregnancy sickness may also be due to iron deficiency, which can be resolved by taking appropriate preparations.
Alternative treatments such as aromatherapy or homeopathy can also help alleviate the symptoms. Occasionally simple massages, a warm bath or drugs from the pharmacy help against the nausea. Perhaps the nausea is also based on an intolerance or allergy, which can best be determined with the help of a complaint diary. Depending on the cause, further treatment steps can then be defined together with the doctor.