What are disinfectants?Before each operation, the surgical site is thoroughly disinfected to kill germs.
Not only in medicine, but also in many other industries and even in the private sector disinfectants are used to a greater or lesser extent. With the use of disinfectants is to be achieved that disease or foul-causing microorganisms do not spread further. This is done by killing the germs.
The disinfectants are used for surface disinfection, laundry disinfection or for use on special body parts. Disinfectants can either be applied to the respective zones before or after cleaning and incorporated according to the manufacturer's instructions.
Only then can harmful microorganisms be inactivated or completely removed. The disinfectants are offered depending on the nature as sprays or liquids and are subject to special requirements in terms of application, exposure time, irritability and concentration. Only following these guidelines can an efficient use of the disinfectants be guaranteed.
Application, effect & use
In medicine, the disinfectants have a different meaning and are used for various purposes. In medical practices, medical treatment rooms of the physiotherapy as well as in hospitals the disinfectants belong to the indispensable condition, in order to guarantee a germ stocking and a germ carryover.
However, not all disease-causing microorganisms can ensure complete sterility. In surgical tracts, the instruments and individual implements are even sterilized.
However, commercial disinfectants are largely sufficient for the surfaces and the further disinfection of the device. In most medical facilities, where patients, visitors and relatives move, highly effective and well-tolerated disinfectants for hand disinfection are provided.
Among the different types of disinfectants, mainly the chemical substances are relevant. The selected chemical ingredients work to destroy the structures of the microorganisms. These processes are mainly based on the so-called precipitation or dissolution of the proteins from which the cells of the bacteria are built up.
Some disinfectants contribute to damage to the cell walls or nucleic acids in microorganisms. In addition, the chemical disinfectants fungi, viruses and tuberculosis bacteria kill killing effects.
Herbal, natural & pharmaceutical disinfectants
Within the modern disinfectants varying types are distinguished. The respective names of the classical groups are based on the types of germs, which can be neutralized with the substances. In this context, fungicides, virucides, sporocides and bactericides occur.
In addition to the synthetically obtained disinfectants, the natural disinfectants have proven themselves in practice. Numerous natural substances, such as salt, hot spice, tea tree oil, extracts of grapefruit, silver thistle, chamomile and honey, have become known for their disinfecting effect.
These remedies are often used in alternative medicine or homeopathy. They have no unpleasant side effects, are well tolerated and disinfect in a gentle way. Various home-made, ecological disinfectants made of natural ingredients are also antiseptic.
Chlorine oxide, iodine, formaldehyde and sodium hypochlorite as well as peracetic acid are among the artificial chemical disinfectants. These active substances are selected for the disinfection of surfaces and instruments as well as for mucous membrane and skin disinfection.
Excellent results with disinfectants of the non-natural group can be achieved with phenols, alcohol and various nitrogen compounds. These are also suitable for different uses in medicine.
Risks & Side Effects
The use of disinfectants is not without problems and risk-free. Not only damage and irritation of the outer skin layers and the mucous membranes, but also the environment are to be considered. If used improperly, the germs to be eliminated may also be susceptible to microorganisms.
These properties are referred to as dangerous resistance and can be an additional hazard to patients. An important topic. which is connected with this fact, represents the so-called hospitalism.
A strong impairment of the microbial skin flora can be triggered by an excessive dosage of the disinfectants and an improper exposure time. In addition, some types of disinfectants must be rinsed off after the exposure time. Disinfectants with an intense odor can lead to irritation of the sense of taste or smell. Other disinfectants trigger unpleasant allergies, are even easily flammable or combustible.