From a medical point of view, a walking stick is a means of facilitating walking and of relieving certain skeletal portions by supporting them.
There are simple canes that are used unilaterally. To improve the grip, there are also walking sticks with correspondingly ergonomic handles or additional brackets. Furthermore, it may be necessary to use walking sticks on both sides or to use walking sticks with forearm supports.
In particularly unstable patients is advised to a walking stick, which has the shape of a four-legged help. Thus, the footprint is extended accordingly by four rubber feet and increases the stability of the walking stick. A walking stick is also usually adjustable in height.
It is available in different materials. Often a walking stick is also made with a clip-on or retractable spike to ensure stability and grip in bad weather and ice-slippery conditions.
Walking sticks differ in the material used, the shape of the handles, any optional equipment, adjustability and practical foldability.
As a basic model, there are very simple held wooden sticks with a curved handle and a plastic knob as attachment for the running contact. The wooden walking sticks are usually not adjustable in height and must therefore be adapted directly to the user in the medical supply store. Wooden walking sticks are traditionally mostly used on one side only. For the elderly, a wooden walking stick is often a valuable and indispensable support for everyday life.
In medical necessity, canes are also prescribed by the doctor and funded by the health insurance. As a medically prescribed walking aid for walking disabilities, walking sticks are prescribed on one or both sides.
Double-sided canes are mostly used in rehabilitation or when the musculoskeletal system is severely limited in its ability to coordinate. Also known in this context are two-sided canes with plastic forearm supports that secure the movement and are made of light metal tubes.
Walking sticks made of light metal or carbon are popular. They come in many modern colors or patterns. The handles are available in many variants, such as the classic derby grip, soft handles, anatomical handles or Airgo derby grips with additional retaining loop. Distinctions continue to be made between rigid and foldable canes.
A walking stick in standard design is 91 cm long, has a stick diameter of about 2 cm and can be loaded with up to 100 kg. Made of wood, the stick is mostly made of solid wood and has a weight of about 330 grams. A wooden stick must be cut manually to the appropriate length. In the medical supply store the right stick length is determined for the user and then adjusted against surcharge.
A walking stick made of metal is made of metal tubes. Whereby this metal tube is divided into two parts, as it is possible to adjust the height with nubs and holes. The handle and the earth attachment are made of rubber. There are metal canes in rigid and foldable variants. On some walking sticks, reflex lights are also attached or a light is integrated in the handle. Often, these canes are more popular with the elderly, as they are often equipped with an ergonomic handle that provides better grip than a classic derby grip. Practical is also a retaining loop on the handle, so that the stick can not slip out of hand.
For more mobile people with walking disabilities, there are also the variants of hiking poles or trekking canes with bar handles. These are often used on both sides to compensate for faster running or hiking through uneven terrain uncertainties and support effectively.
Walking sticks are used by first moving the stick forward while walking. If he has found a safe essay, the next step is taken. The walking stick thus provides support and supports the crotch. In most cases, the user takes two steps before moving the walking stick again. However, it depends on the personal requirements, whether only one step or two steps between the displacement of the cane are necessary.
Often the walking stick offers the user not only a support while walking, but also when standing. Then the cane is held at an angle and supports the hips.
For people who do not always need a walking stick, but only with heavier loads and longer walking, the foldable variants are particularly practical. They can be folded so small that they fit comfortably in a bag. On the way they can then be pulled out and unfolded as needed.
Movement is quality of life. Therefore, it makes sense to not select a wheelchair or walker directly with the first weaknesses of the leg muscles or the first age-related problems while walking, but to remain mobile with a suitably adapted walker.
A walking stick is a valuable support. He gives a corresponding grip while walking and can one-sided or bilateral support the skeleton, so that the running movement is easier to do so. A walking stick provides the necessary safety when walking.
From a medical point of view, it makes sense for older people to keep their usual activities as long as possible. A walking stick reliably supports the necessary mobility.