What is the mind?As a spirit, the general public understands the thinking consciousness of man. Thus, the mind is closely linked to the ability to perceive.
As a spirit, the general public understands the thinking consciousness of man. Thus, the mind is closely linked to the ability to perceive. Distinguishing from the mind is the brain or the mind. Although the brain plays a role in perception and thinking processes of consciousness, as synonyms the two expressions are not to be understood.
The mind of a person can be measured by his cognitive abilities. Cognition and the mind relate to the processing of information in the human system. His cognition distinguishes man from all other living beings. In addition to perception, problem solving and learning, human cognition also includes remembering, thinking in all its forms and fantasizing.
Cognitive processes are also the processes of selection, planning, observation, assessment and decision. Alertness, mindfulness and concentration are important components of cognitive ability in this context and therefore play a key role in the human mind.
Cognition and the mind, in addition to mental processes and processes of perception, also participate in emotions and beliefs. In addition to psychology, these relationships are now also exploring the neurosciences.
Function & Task
The human mind performs important tasks in information processing. Information enters the human consciousness via the perception system. Which components of a perception actually transcend consciousness depends on the human mind.
The mind thus determines what is consciously perceived. Apart from that, he determines how the consciously perceived is processed, how something feels or how one experiences something. The mind controls not least what and how a person tends to think and feel.
All humans are equipped with the same anatomical structures of perception. The information processing paths, the contents of consciousness and the mental and emotional processes to a situation differ fundamentally with each person.
This is because the minds of different people are never the same. Today, cognitive psychology and neuroscience know that all human internal processes are partly cultural and partly individual. How people perceive and reflect on perceived things can not be generalized.
To better understand processes such as thinking, perception and memory, cognitive psychology today uses priming. In this method, the performance of a target stimulus is influenced by the performance of a given stimulus. On the basis of priming it is now possible to guess that the human mind is built up in a network-like structure.
Unlike psychology, neuroscience does not rely on the mental level in the study of the mind. They work at the level of brain activity that is unlikely to be synonymous with mental activity. Nevertheless, neuroscience to this day emphasizes that all mental activities do not take place independently of neuronal events.
Examples of this are lesions in the brain that can trigger cognitive impairment. Lesions in the Wernicke center, for example, confuse speech processing. Even emotional changes and changes in nature can be due to brain lesions. Apart from this, mental activities such as perception, sensation and thinking seem to be related to neuronal actions of specific brain regions.
The exploration of these relationships is still in its infancy. So far, neuroscientists can not answer the question, why is associated with a particular brain activity each have their own experience. Nonetheless, brain research wants to locate mental consciousness in the brain in the future.
Diseases & complaints
Mental disabilities may be due to physical suffering. For example, if one of many cognitive centers of the brain is damaged by inflammation, tumors or degenerative factors, it suffers from the general human perception.
For this reason, lesions in the brain can alter general information processing, certain thought processes and even emotional states. In extreme cases, lesions in the brain trigger cognitive and mental disabilities.
Diseases and complaints of the mind without a neurological cause are dealt with again by psychology. In forms of "mental illness" internal processes and processes of consciousness are disturbed. An example of this is hallucinations of the sensory modalities, as they can occur, for example, in the course of schizophrenic diseases.
Some disorders of the psyche trigger misperceptions of each sensory modality. Others are limited to a perceptual structure. For example, some patients have phantosmia. They smell certain odors in the absence of a corresponding source of irritation. Research has shown that this phenomenon usually occurs as a result of trauma.
Even with personality disorders in the broadest sense of the perception and with it a mental structure is disturbed. The affected persons no longer perceive themselves as part of the disease.
The causes for disturbances of the mind and the psyche can be manifold. In addition to traumas, emotional shock, mental disorders, unfulfilled instincts and hereditary factors, many other scenarios can trigger a mental disorder with the involvement of cognitive processes.