A weight loss or increase can have many reasons and will be presented below divided.
If a weight loss is unwanted, that is, it is not a cause of deliberate weight loss through diet, fasting, stress or exercise, the cause may be in an illness. Even a morbid weight loss can even lead to anorexia and should be treated medically. Also read the article about loss of appetite.
Typical diseases for weight loss can be gastrointestinal infections, diarrhea, cancers, allergies and worm infections.
Weight gain is usually normal through growth and pregnancy. The most common cause of weight gain in the Western world, however, is an increased food gain (energy gain) with lower energy consumption through exercise, work and exercise. The typical representatives of the disease are obesity (obesity, obesity).
These diseases in turn are responsible for many more diseases, some of which can be fatal. Examples include heart failure, myocarditis, hypothyroidism and diabetes mellitus. Furthermore, an increase in weight can also occur in some metabolic diseases and hormonal disorders and are to be treated by a doctor.
A small weight change is usually not a cause for concern. Especially in women, the weight fluctuates in the course of a month by several kilograms. In addition, most people gain something over the years. A higher weight, which develops over several years, can be controlled by regular examinations at the doctor and often by a change of the habits of life. Rapid increases without apparent cause should always be discussed with the doctor who will initiate the necessary examinations.
The situation is similar with a decrease in weight. Anyone who has changed his lifestyle is happy about the lower weight. However, if you suddenly and quite quickly lose weight without a cause, you should definitely consult a doctor. An inexplicable weight loss at first sight can have various causes and should be treated in most cases.
In any case, the visit to the doctor is indicated when a malaise occurs. Most of the time the instinct is that anything is wrong. If you are no longer comfortable, it is best to first consult the family doctor. If necessary, this will be transferred to the specialists.
Depending on the cause, an unusual weight gain or decrease should always be examined by the doctor.
Self-treatment is only advisable if the weight gain or decrease has been shown to be due to increased or decreased calorie consumption. A lot of exercise and a healthy and balanced diet are particularly successful.
A weight change does not necessarily have a negative effect on the body. For example, if you want to lose weight or gain weight, you can see whether the project is working or not by changing the weight. Therefore, a weight change in most cases does not need to be treated.
As a rule, an unintended weight change is related to a changed diet. Often, this diet is unhealthy for the body, which increases the weight. A weight change may therefore indicate a new eating habit that may be due to stress or other symptoms. Thus, the person affected can quickly develop obesity, which represents a very unhealthy state for the body. Therefore, when changing the weight of the patient, always make sure that the weight stays within a normal range.
However, a change in weight can also occur unintentionally. It is often a sign of thyroid disease; this condition should definitely be treated. Treatment is with medication. The weight change can also occur through hormones that have been artificially applied to the body.
If the weight change is very strong and starts suddenly, it can point to another serious problem with the body. In this case, a medical examination must be performed. Most of the weight change, however, is an intentional symptom.
Obesity and anorexia do not usually occur when the patient is eating normally and healthily and moving normally. A healthy amount of sport can be particularly effective here.
When changing the weight, it is very important to find out the cause and possibly take the necessary medication. The doctor or nutritionist may also order supplements. In addition, a food diary can help to maintain control over food intake. In both weight gain and weight loss, it is particularly important that all information is honest and complete. Such a journal typically records when what was eaten and in what quantity.
A healthy and balanced diet plays a key role in weight changes. The diet should be rich in vitamins and minerals and should include a reasonable amount of calories. If the weight change is due to a digestive system disease, special diets can help to reduce the symptoms.
If the weight change is due to an eating disorder or other mental health issues directly related to the food, the current mood in the food diary can also be noted. This reflection can help to gain clarity about personal triggers (triggers).
In case of unwanted weight gain sports and exercise in everyday life are a good means of self-help. Gentle sports such as swimming are an advantage as the joints are less stressed in the water. At home, lightweight strength training can be easily implemented with a fitness band. In case of doubt, however, medical or physiotherapeutic advice makes sense, so that the sport does not cause any overload.