Coxarthrosis is associated with a breakdown of articular cartilage. As a result, the joint socket and the condyle are overloaded excessively, and there is pain and movement restrictions. The hip joint arthrosis is divided into two types.
In the case of primary hip osteoarthritis, no tangible cause is known at the present time. It usually occurs from the age of 50 years. About 2/3 of the patients suffering from hip osteoarthritis are suffering from secondary coxarthrosis. These patients are often younger and a cause of the disease is detectable.
The causes of hip osteoarthritis may be congenital malformations of the hip joint. In this case, often the socket is not formed strong enough, so that the femoral head does not have sufficient support, and it comes to a Fehlbelastung of the hip joint.
If coxarthrosis occurs in families, congenital cartilage weakness may be the cause. Other causes include inflammatory joint disease, accidents, bad work, obesity and circulatory disorders.
Unilateral movements and lack of exercise are also known as causes of coxarthrosis. With age, the risk of developing coxarthrosis increases as the cartilage that protects the joint and facilitates joint movement fades.
An existing hip osteoarthritis is associated with different symptoms and symptoms that should definitely be treated by medical and medical care. Otherwise, there is no expectation of eliminating the existing symptoms. A clear indication of a hip osteoarthritis is a clear limitation of the range of motion.
With every movement you can hear significant pain, which depends on the type of precise movement. Muscle tension in the affected area is also a common symptom of existing hip osteoarthritis. Especially in the morning, it can lead to a stiffness of the joint, so that the pain in the morning hours are usually more intense and stronger. During the day, pain in the affected person often diminishes as the muscles and joints become warm.
However, this is not an indication of a speedy recovery or cure, but an indication of an occurring joint effusion. Another and also very typical symptom of a hip osteoarthritis are severe pain when getting up from a deep chair. In this movement, the joints are immediately loaded, which are damaged in a hip osteoarthritis. Since affected persons avoid certain movements with time, it can lead to considerable muscle tension. Another sign of hip osteoarthritis, so that treatment by a doctor is essential.
The orthopedist makes the diagnosis of a hip joint arthrosis by a manual examination of hip mobility and an X-ray. The X-ray shows a narrowing of the joint space, a deformation of the condyle and changes in the cartilaginous tissue. Partially also bone formations are visible.
If the cartilaginous tissue decreases or cracks occur in the cartilaginous tissue, the articular surfaces of the hip joint are significantly more heavily loaded. This causes pain during movement and while running. Typical of early stage hip arthrosis are morning pain in the groin and in the hip joint, which decreases when those affected move.
In the further course of the disease there are restrictions on movement, to the posture of the affected hip and rest pain. The patients can no longer rotate the leg, no longer spread in the later course and no longer stretch. Due to the lack of stretchability of the hip joint, there is a functional leg shortening and a resulting deterioration of the gait pattern.
As a rule, it comes through the hip joint arthrosis to severe pain. These pains can be either painful or painful and have a negative impact on the patient's quality of life. The pain of rest can also occur at night and thereby lead to sleep problems and to a general irritability of the patient.
In addition to the pain in the hip, there is also pain in the joints and in the groin. The pain also causes movement restrictions. These can lead to depression and other mental health problems, especially in young patients. Not infrequently occurs in addition to the movement restrictions also a gait disorder, such as limping or limping.
The diagnosis of hip osteoarthritis is relatively simple and clear in most cases, so treatment can start quickly. This takes place with the help of medications and various therapies and in most cases is not burdened with any particular complications. In severe cases, an artificial hip joint is necessary for the patient. The life expectancy is not limited by the hip joint arthrosis. The treatment also can not guarantee that the pain and discomfort disappear completely.
If there is a suspicion of hip osteoarthritis, medical advice is needed. Patients should seek immediate medical attention with symptoms such as hip pain, restricted mobility and gait disturbances. If the cartilaginous tissue decreases further, cracks in the cartilaginous tissue occur, which among other things can cause pain and functional disorders. Medical advice is needed if the symptoms are gradual and increase in intensity over weeks or months. If the pain also occurs during quiet phases, the disease may already be well advanced and needs to be clarified immediately.
Persons suffering from obesity, circulatory disorders or diseases of the hip joint should be able to clarify said symptoms and symptoms quickly. The same applies to people who move little or can not overload the hip joints due to a disease. As hip arthrosis is a degenerative disease, health status must be checked regularly. Patients should contact the family doctor or an orthopedist and, if necessary, consult a specialist in arthritic diseases.
The treatment of coxarthrosis depends on the stage of the disease and the cause. Corrective surgery can prevent or slow down the development of a hip joint arthrodesis in cases of misalignment in the hip joint.
The main goals of the therapy are a pain relief and a reduction of the progressive course of osteoarthritis of the hip joint. By stomach-friendly drugs, the pain should be eliminated or reduced. Even heat treatments have a soothing effect on hip problems. Physiotherapy is very important especially for hip joint arthrosis. Here, the patient learns exercises that maintain the mobility of the hip joint and strengthen the muscles of the hip joint.
By a strong musculature, the hip joint is better fixed and relieved. Furthermore, the patient learns to relieve his hip joint through certain traction exercises. Exercises in the water with a decrease in the severity offer very good opportunities to optimally mobilize the hip joint.
In the advanced stage of the hip joint arthrosis and in case of considerable restrictions, surgical therapy is recommended. Through an artificial hip joint, the patient is able to meet all the demands of everyday life again without complications. Depending on the findings, only a part of the hip joint or a complete hip joint is implanted.
The development of hip osteoarthritis can be prevented in various ways. Sufficient and regular exercise stimulates supply of cartilage tissue with nutrients, and helps to reduce the risk of the disease. Furthermore, care should be taken to wear comfortable shoes to avoid misalignments in the hip joint. Being overweight increases the risk of a hip joint disease considerably. A ten percent reduction in body weight reduces the risk of hip arthrosis by 50 percent.
To support the therapy for hip osteoarthritis, sufferers can contribute a lot themselves. This includes a largely herbal as well as full-bodied and nutrient-rich diet. Obesity puts strain on the joints and can be greatly reduced in hip osteoarthritis. In addition, the fat cells consistently produce inflammatory substances. These provide additional joint pain. Furthermore, a waiver of alcohol and sugar is recommended. Affected persons should stay smoke-free. According to studies, smokers suffer significantly more from arthritis pain than non-smokers.
In addition, it is important to remedy existing mineral and nutrient deficiencies. A family doctor or alternative practitioner can make a check in this regard and advise those affected. With hip osteoarthritis, it makes sense to take detoxification and deacidification measures. Stress should also be avoided. Numerous relaxation methods can help. Also helpful are adaptogens. This is a herbal supplement that makes sufferers more resistant to stress.
To counteract a hip joint arthrosis, more exercise is recommended in everyday life. Very helpful is walking, yoga or tai chi. In addition, affected persons should be able to correct any incorrect workload. Shoes with high heels should be completely omitted.