Many people suffer from skin bleeding. What exactly this is, what can be the cause and how to treat these bleeding is explained in more detail in the following article.

What are skin bleeding?

The most pronounced form of skin bleeding is called hematoma, or better known as a bruise or "bruise, " which almost every person has suffered at least once.

By haemorrhage is meant, as the name may already show, blood leakage from the blood vessels into the skin or into the mucous membranes. These bleedings are usually dark red, but can also turn red-brown, green or yellow in the course of healing.

They often have the shape of a point, occur mostly isolated and have about the size of a pinhead, but can also occur more extensively. This skin bleeding usually occurs on the extremities, ie arms or legs, on or in the chest area.

The most pronounced form of skin bleeding is called hematoma, or better known as a bruise or "bruise, " which almost every person has suffered at least once.

causes

The skin bleeding is harmless and often only an optical problem. However, these bleedings can also be a symptom of a more serious illness. One disease that could possibly be the cause of the hemorrhage is the inflammation of the blood vessels.

This disease often damages the walls of the blood vessels, causing the blood to escape. Another cause could be coagulation disorders of the blood. This often occurs in various blood diseases. Also, a congestion may be the cause of a skin bleeding, because this cause that too much pressure in the blood vessels, which is why they are damaged.

In addition, skin bleeding is often seen in people who suffer from platelet deficiency, for example as a result of chemotherapy. However, there are also more harmless triggers that lead to a haemorrhage, this includes, among other things, a simple injury (fall or abrasion).

Diseases with this symptom

  • bleeding disorder
  • typhus fever
  • measles
  • graze
  • leukemia
  • multiple myeloma
  • Purplona Schoenlein-Enoch
  • psoriasis
  • high blood pressure

Diagnosis & History

The diagnosis of a skin bleeding is relatively simple and you do not have to be a doctor. One can easily recognize a skin bleeding and thus identify it. Nevertheless, if you suffer from unusual skin bleeding, you should definitely consult a doctor so that he can find out the cause of the hemorrhage.

This is so important because these bleedings are often just a symptom of a more serious illness. To diagnose these, you just need medical knowledge and it must be carried out various studies. If this does not happen, it can lead to the entire organism being endangered.

Although the diagnosis may be very different, the course is usually the same. First, the red spots or spots, so the skin bleeding on. During healing, the red spots change color differently. They often turn bluish before they turn yellow or green before they finally disappear.

complications

In the case of skin bleeding, in most cases, little worrying complications occur. If left untreated, the skin bleeding may widen. The hemorrhages go deeper into the body or the affected area below the skin increases. It causes bruises or bruises.

These are painful and uncomfortable when pressure is applied. The same symptoms can also occur when wearing tight clothing. Blood loss is associated with increased cardiac activity. In a persistent state, this leads to a burden on the organism. In rare cases, dizziness or so-called lightheadedness occur.

Primary care by cooling or immobilizing a skin bleeding is usually without further complications. When it comes to the use of ointments, attention should be paid to the individual side effects. In addition, incompatibility may occur depending on the preparation. If an infection is the trigger of a skin haemorrhage, usually drugs such as antibiotics are used.

These can cause nausea, loss of appetite, vomiting or diarrhea. If the skin haemorrhage has been triggered by too high a blood pressure, measures of a reduction must be taken. Depending on the cause, this can be done medically, but also through psychological care. In some cases, the bleeding is based on a clotting disorder. In order for the blood to dilute and flow better again, medications or natural remedies are given.

When should you go to the doctor?

Skin bleeding is popularly referred to as a bruise or bruise. Another specialist but common term for this is hematoma. The cause is usually previous bumps of the affected areas including falls, occasionally pinching or sucking. For most people, such bleeding is trite and no reason to go to the doctor for that. As a rule, skin bleeding heals itself within a few days. However, there are a few exceptions where a doctor's visit to a skin bleeding is highly recommended.

One cause of pathological and therefore in need of treatment skin bleeding are coagulation disorders of the blood. Also, a congestion can cause a bleeding of the skin after high pressure on the blood vessels causes it to burst. Another cause is inflamed blood vessels. Haemorrhages also occur in chemotherapy, when it came to a platelet deficiency.

First point of contact for clarifying skin bleeding is the family doctor. Depending on the reason suspected he can refer to specialists such as internists, dermatologists or oncologists. When a skin bleeding so the assessment of the patient is asked whether a visit to the doctor is required or not. If a skin bleeding occurs several times for no apparent reason, this is definitely reason enough to ask a doctor.

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Treatment & Therapy

The treatment of a skin bleeding can look very different. Decisive for this, of course, is the diagnosis of the cause. For example, if a coagulation disorder of the blood and thus too high a pressure in the blood vessels are the trigger for the skin bleeding, so the patient usually take so-called "blood thinner", so that the blood can flow properly again and it does not jam.

But if an infection or inflammation of the blood vessels are the cause, it is often treated with antibiotics. If the skin bleeding is caused by an injury, however, often helps only cool and wait.

Outlook & Forecast

In many cases, the bleeding is a bruise or bruise. As long as there are no other complaints or problems, treatment by the doctor is not necessary and the haemorrhage disappears by itself. In most cases, the affected area on the skin is sensitive to pressure and hurts when touched. The color of the skin's bleeding may change in the process of healing and fluctuate between blue, green and yellow. This is a common symptom.

If the bleeding is severe, you may experience increased blood loss. The sufferer suffers partly from headache, dizziness and nausea. Diarrhea and vomiting can also occur. The skin bleeding is treated in this case with the help of medication.

If the skin bleeding occurs during chemotherapy, no special treatment is necessary. With increased pressure in the blood vessels blood-thinning drugs are administered, which drain the blood again. There are no further complaints here. However, it is advisable to determine and treat the cause of the increased blood pressure.

prevention

There is no specific method to prevent skin bleeding. Of course, there are a few factors that favor the causes, such as smoking, which should be avoided, yet these symptoms may still occur. However, one should always pay attention to a healthy lifestyle.

This includes drinking enough, eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly and trying to avoid injury. Although this is not a guarantee that you will never suffer from skin bleeding, you are less endangered and thus have a stronger immune system, which helps prevent many diseases.

You can do that yourself

Some skin bleeding is temporary. The affected person is therefore advised to make temporary adjustments to everyday life. If the bleeding is permanent, long-term changes should be made. These can not replace therapy. However, they facilitate the daily routine and can supplement existing treatment measures.

Those suffering from skin bleeding should protect themselves from injury and pay more attention to warning signs of threatening bleeding. For prevention, contact-intensive sports should be avoided. In addition, the skin should be covered as much as possible. In the daily clothing is to ensure that the skin is protected, but not depressed.

Other measures of self-help include skill training. This is offered by different therapists. The purpose of this training is to minimize the general risk of injury through a sustained improvement in skill. In addition to this preventive teaching, the therapists provide help and advice. These provide valuable information for dealing with difficult situations. As a result, the emergency can be tested.

In addition, a visit to a support group may be advisable. Sharing with other sufferers leads to massive improvements in mental health. Depression and similar negative moods are thus prevented. The general attitude to life is improved, so that psychosomatoses, which can complicate everyday life considerably, do not even come into existence.

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