Occurrence & cultivation of the hibiscusThere are a total of about 275 to 600 different species of hibiscus.
The hibiscus belongs to the mallow family. Originally it comes from warmer regions, especially from Asia and tropical as well as subtropical areas. There are a total of about 275 to 600 different species of hibiscus. Hibiscus plants differentiate in their external appearance. So they can take herbaceous and tree-like forms or occur as a shrub.
All species, however, have flowers. These are hermaphrodite and usually fünfzählig. While the sepals often remind of bells, the petals may be bathed in a variety of colors. Common are white, pink, red, blue or purple flowers. Nowadays subspecies of the hibiscus can be found in numerous gardens. However, for the plant to flourish, it often requires warm temperatures.
So it shows only in summer from its most beautiful side, at about 27 to 28 degrees. In winter, the hibiscus can survive as a potted plant in the apartment. As soon as it gets warmer, it should be put in the fresh air. Temperatures of over 28 degrees does not tolerate the hibiscus. Accordingly, he is considered in his home regions as a "winter plant", reached the thermometer there even higher temperatures. The hibiscus is collected during its heyday.
Effect & application
Although the hibiscus is only known in this country as a tea delivery, it can relieve some discomfort and contribute to an improved well-being. In contrast to many drugs from conventional medicine, the leaves of the plant are considered to be well tolerated. Decisive for its healing properties are the ingredients of the hibiscus. These include, in particular, fruit acids, malic acid, tartaric acid, citric acid, anthocyanins, flavonoids, phytosterols, mucus and pectin.
His abilities are described as thirst-quenching, laxative, diuretic, cholagogue, antibacterial and antispasmodic. Accordingly, it is suitable for various diseases in which such an effect may be useful. Hibiscus is most commonly consumed as tea. For that, the dried flowers can be infused with hot water. After about 7 minutes, the remaining ingredients should be removed.
In particular, the use of organic tea is recommended for a medicinal effect. The contained flavonoids make a significant contribution to the healing properties of the hibiscus. At the same time they represent the plant's defense mechanism against insects and competing plants. In non-organic farming, insecticides and pesticides are used. Because the hibiscus no longer needs its flavonoids, they can no longer be found in the components of the plant after a few generations in monoculture.
The tea can be consumed warm or cold. Apart from internal use, an envelope can also be made using fabric remnants. For large-scale external complaints, the flowers of hibiscus should be added to the bath water. Also possible is a sitz bath. Tinctures available in the pharmacy show an even stronger concentration of the active ingredients. Overall, only the flowers of the hibiscus are used for medical purposes. These also give most tea blends their red color.
Importance for Health, Treatment & Prevention
Hibiscus can play a central role in maintaining good health. For example, the flowers contain a high amount of vitamin C. Vitamin C strengthens the immune system and can thus reduce the susceptibility to diseases. In the context of prevention, the tea should be drunk several times a day. The contained flavonoids protect cells and vessels from free radicals. Free radicals are responsible for numerous degenerative diseases.
In this way, for example, hibiscus can contribute to Alzheimer's prevention. At the same time, the ingredients against bacteria. Thus, hibiscus tea is suitable as a drink during a cold sore. A bacterial rash can be partially mitigated by an envelope. However, the tea used should already be cooled in order to avoid burns.
In addition, hibiscus should be expectorant. With this property he is also used for cough and runny nose. The draining effect can be used as part of a drainage treatment. However, this should be done under the supervision of a doctor. Diuretic agents may be beneficial in some conditions, such as kidney problems or cystitis.
If there is an infection of the urinary tract, the responsible pathogens should be flushed out so that a cure can be established quickly. The frequent urination can help to empty the bladder regularly. Overall, the hibiscus can be used for both treatment and preventive measures. However, these are properties that were previously attributed only to folk medicine.
Due to a lack of research, the effect of the plant is officially not recognized. Side effects are rare and often manifest as high consumption of hibiscus. For example, the occurrence of indigestion such as diarrhea can not be ruled out. In the context of existing blockages, the hibiscus is sometimes used as a therapy.
Generally, this is not a threatening condition. However, sufferers should be careful to absorb enough fluid to compensate for the loss. Pregnant women should consult a doctor before taking it for the first time. Treating children with hibiscus is usually easy.