• Tuesday May 26,2020

laboratory values


Acetate

Acetate

Acetates are chemicals that are commonly used in text industry and pharmacy. The acetic acid salts occur in various forms, including as metabolic products in the human body. Together with ester, derivatives of the carboxylic acid, free acetic acid is formed as part of blood and tissue. What are acetates

adrenocorticotropin

adrenocorticotropin

Adrenocorticotropin (also known as adrenocorticotropic hormone, ACTH for short) is better known as the "stress hormone" because the body releases it especially in stressful situations. ACTH is formed in the anterior pituitary of the brain, when the ACTH-mediated corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) stimulates the anterior pituitary gland

adenine

adenine

Adenine is a heterobicyclic aromatic compound with a purine backbone that, as an organic nucleobase together with three other bases, forms one of the building blocks of genetic information in DNA and RNA. In addition, adenine in the form of a nucleoside or nucleotide as NAD, FADH2 or ATP plays an important role in the metabolism, especially in the energy balance of the cells, in the mitochondria

adenosine diphosphate

adenosine diphosphate

Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) is a mononucleotide with the purine base adenine and plays a central role in all metabolic processes. Together with adenosine triphosphate (ATP) it is responsible for the energy expenditure in the organism. Most disorders in the function of ADP are mitochondrially conditioned

Adenosine monophosphate

Adenosine monophosphate

Adenosine monophosphate is a nucleotide that can be part of the energy carrier adenosine triphosphate (ATP). As a cyclic adenosine monophosphate, it also performs the function of a second messenger. It is caused, among other things, by the cleavage of ATP, which releases energy. What is adenosine monophosphate

adenosine triphosphate

adenosine triphosphate

Adenosine triphosphate or ATP is the most energy-rich molecule in the organism responsible for all energy-transferring processes. It is a mononucleotide of the purine base adenine and therefore also constitutes a building block of the nucleic acids. Disruptions in the synthesis of ATP inhibit the release of energy and lead to states of exhaustion

adenylyl

adenylyl

Adenylyl cyclases are classed as lyase enzymes. Their task is to catalyze the cyclic cAMP by cleaving PO bonds from ATP. This triggers a signal cascade that is responsible for many different processes in the organism. What is an adenylyl cyclase? The adenylyl cyclases mediate effects of hormones or other messengers from the outside of the cell membrane to corresponding messengers in the cell interior

adiponectin

adiponectin

Adiponectin, a hormone produced in humans and animals in adipose tissue, has a beneficial effect on health only if it is present in normal levels in the blood level. An elevated blood level can be found especially in people with obesity and obese patients. You have an increased risk of getting a metabolic disease

adipocytes

adipocytes

Adipocytes are the cells of adipose tissue. In addition to fat storage, they fulfill many other tasks. Adipose tissue produces many hormones and is the largest endocrine organ in the human body. What are adipocytes? The adipocytes are not just fat-storing cells. They participate very actively in the total metabolism

Antidiuretic hormone (adiuretine)

Antidiuretic hormone (adiuretine)

The body's own hormone adiuretin or antidiuretic hormone is formed by nerve cells in the hypothalamus, a part of the human [[Zwischenhirn] s. It mainly serves the purpose of controlling the water balance in the body. An imbalance in quantity and production can trigger a number of diseases. What is the anti-diuretic hormone

adrenaline

adrenaline

The body's own hormone adrenaline is released more frequently, especially in the context of stressful situations. However, the potential effects of the hormone adrenaline have long been underestimated. What is adrenaline? The hormone adrenaline is basically formed in the adrenal glands. Synonymous with the term adrenaline, the term epinephrine is used primarily in modern medicine

adenosine diphosphate

adenosine diphosphate

Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) is a mononucleotide with the purine base adenine and plays a central role in all metabolic processes. Together with adenosine triphosphate (ATP) it is responsible for the energy expenditure in the organism. Most disorders in the function of ADP are mitochondrially conditioned

adrenocorticotropin

adrenocorticotropin

Adrenocorticotropin (also known as adrenocorticotropic hormone, ACTH for short) is better known as the "stress hormone" because the body releases it especially in stressful situations. ACTH is formed in the anterior pituitary of the brain, when the ACTH-mediated corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) stimulates the anterior pituitary gland

adrenocorticotropin

adrenocorticotropin

Adrenocorticotropin (also known as adrenocorticotropic hormone, ACTH for short) is better known as the "stress hormone" because the body releases it especially in stressful situations. ACTH is formed in the anterior pituitary of the brain, when the ACTH-mediated corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) stimulates the anterior pituitary gland

actin

actin

Actin is a structural protein found in all eukaryotic cells. It participates in the building of the cytoskeleton and the musculature. What is actin? Actin is a developmentally very old protein molecule. As a structural protein it is contained in the cytoplasm of every eukaryotic cell and in the sarcomere of all muscle fibers

alanine

alanine

Alanine is a non-essential proteinogenic amino acid that serves as a building block for the synthesis of proteins. It is a chiral compound, whereby only the L-form can be incorporated into proteins. Alanine acts as a link between amino acid and carbohydrate metabolism. What is alanine? Alanine is a proteinogenic amino acid

albumin

albumin

Albumins are blood proteins that belong to the group of globular proteins. Their most important task in the human body is the maintenance of colloid-osmotic pressure. What is albumin? Albumins are proteins that are counted among the group of plasma proteins. Human albumins are also referred to as human albumins

aldehyde

aldehyde

Aldehyde oxidase is an enzyme that degrades aldehydes in vertebrates. It can be found in different tissues of mammals and humans. The exact function of aldehyde oxidase is not yet known. What is aldehyde oxidase? The aldehyde oxidase (AOX1) helps in the enzymatic degradation of aldehydes in the body

albumin

albumin

Albumins are blood proteins that belong to the group of globular proteins. Their most important task in the human body is the maintenance of colloid-osmotic pressure. What is albumin? Albumins are proteins that are counted among the group of plasma proteins. Human albumins are also referred to as human albumins

alkaloids

alkaloids

Alkaloids are organic compounds that can affect the animal and human organism. Most alkaloids are produced by plants. What are alkaloids? The term alkaloids comes from the Arabic and means plant ash. The alkaloids are naturally occurring organic compounds that are produced in the secondary metabolism of plants, bacteria and fungi