Gastric pain is commonly referred to as various types of discomfort and pain in the stomach and intestines. The medical term for stomachache is gastralgia. In addition to the stomach pain sufferers but also often suffer from abdominal pain or abdominal pain.

What are stomach pains?

Stomach pains usually feel burning, stinging or sharp. Abdominal and stomach pain can occur only briefly or over a longer period of time.

Stomach pain is a symptom that most people have known since childhood. The pain, as the name implies, goes from the stomach or the abdominal region.

Not always there is a serious illness behind stomachache. Mostly, stomach pains are quite harmless and pass after a short time again. Often, stomach pains are accompanied by diarrhea, vomiting and nausea.

Stomach pain can also occur in the form of stomach cramps, in which the stomach ache occurs more frequently cyclically and in a short time. Stomach pains usually feel burning, stinging or sharp. Abdominal and stomach pain can occur only briefly or over a longer period of time.

Stomach pains can be localized according to their zone. Seen in this way, there are stomach pains in the upper abdomen, in the lower abdomen as well as left and right. It should be noted that stomach pains do not necessarily have to arise in the stomach itself. Other organs may also be responsible for this, so that the pain stimulus then radiates into the abdominal or stomach region. Possible organs for this would usually be the intestine, the pancreas and, more rarely, the heart.


Since stomach pains often occur in and with a variety of diseases, their causes are also numerous.

Mostly, stomach pains are rather harmless as a result of an upset stomach.

As already mentioned, disorders of other organs, such as the pancreas, the intestine and the heart may be the cause of the stomach pain. A list of possible diseases as the cause can be found below.

Other causes of stomach pain include: smoking, heartburn, gastric ulcer, medication, too much alcohol, poisoning (eg, fungal poisoning), stress, eating disorders, psychosomatic problems, too much stomach nourishment and autoimmune diseases.

Diseases with this symptom

  • abdominal influenza
  • mushroom poisoning
  • stomach ulcer
  • irritable stomach
  • Gastric mucosal inflammation
  • Duodenal ulcer
  • Food poisoning
  • Burnout syndrome
  • Food allergy

Diagnosis & History

Gastric pain, also called gastralgia, is not an independent disease, but can be varied and multiform and can only be classified properly after a detailed discussion with the affected patient.

For this, the doctor must ask some questions about the possible pre-existing conditions, life circumstances or the duration and the exact location of the stomach ache. The physique of the patient must also be examined. This is done with blood and ultrasound examinations and gastroscopy.

Gastric pain manifests itself in a variety of ways. Pulling, pushing, or stinging in the abdominal region can occur as well as cramping that occurs at specific intervals. Constipation, vomiting or diarrhea can accompany the stomach ache and indicate a more serious illness.


In most cases, stomach pains are unproblematic and resolve themselves within a few days, such as gastrointestinal infection or improper diet. However, if there is a serious underlying disease, serious complications can occur. In rare cases, an acute abdomen may be present, which can be life-threatening if left untreated.

Also, an appendix or stomach opening or a bowel obstruction brings serious complications, as long as the underlying cause is not treated promptly. Gastric pain as a result of a reflux disease can lead to a change in the cells in the esophagus and thus cause a so-called Barret ulcer. Barrett's esophagus increases the risk of developing esophageal cancer and moreover complicates food intake.

Diarrhea may cause stomach ailments as well as dehydration and various deficiency symptoms, as long as it lasts longer than two to three days. In the treatment of stomach pain complications are usually ruled out. However, dietary measures should first be discussed with a doctor, so that the underlying disease can be treated purposefully and without complications. Chance of medication can lead to an increase in the stomach pain, for example, if there is an allergy or intolerance.

When should you go to a doctor?

Light stomach aches may be a reason to rethink your eating habits. In the acute case, basic diet or light food can calm the aching stomach. Carbonated drinks or coffee should be avoided. However, if the pains in the stomach persist or become more intense every hour, a doctor should be consulted promptly. In no case should the affected persons heartburn, feeling of fullness and stomach pain for a long time trivialize.

Light stomach aches, which are acute after excessive consumption of alcohol, nicotine abuse or similar sins, can be self-treated. Warmth, relaxation, massages and light meals are helpful. Left untreated for a long time, stomach problems can become chronic. Strong, sudden stomach pains are always an alarm signal. They require a doctor's visit. After a questioning of possible triggers, eating and drinking habits, the physician will conduct some examinations. The laboratory results, sonographies or x-ray examinations initiated by the doctor often clarify the cause of the pain. If necessary, a test for the stomach bacterium Helicobacter pylori should be undertaken.

A so-called irritable stomach can also cause stomach pain. This can be treated by the person concerned. Previously, however, other gastric dysfunction should be ruled out by careful differential diagnosis as the cause of the pain. If mental stress causes stomach pain, a consultation with the psychotherapist may be advisable. Massage or relaxation techniques can also help with a tendency to stomach aches.

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Treatment & Therapy

Since the stomach pain can have many causes, the visit to the doctor is beneficial. If the pain lasts longer or if they are very strong, a doctor must be consulted anyway, because then possibly life-threatening illnesses can be behind it.

The doctor will then perform an accurate survey of the stomach symptoms. These include questions such as: how long the stomach pain persists, exactly where the pain occurs, and in what intensity, are the stomach pain of external or internal factors dependent (eg certain foods or physical movements), which drugs are taken, alcohol is heaped Are there any pre-existing conditions, such as gastric ulcer.

Thereafter, the doctor will examine the affected patient holistically. He will listen to the abdomen and stomach with a stethoscope and palpate the abdomen. A gastroscopy, ultrasound examination and blood test are only required if the history is unclear or if a suspected cause has to be examined more closely.

If no disease-related cause is found, it can usually be assumed that there are harmless stomach pains. This should then be prescribed for treatment and pain relief analgesics, such as analgesics, anticonvulsant drugs such as anticonvulsants and gastric acid-relieving agents by the doctor. Furthermore, a change in diet, a ban on alcohol and tobacco products could be useful. Depending on the individual symptoms, further treatment by psychotherapists may be carried out.

The self-care patient may often benefit from gastrointestinal relief, which includes herbs such as melissa and chamomile, hot water bottles on the stomach, and relaxation exercises such as progressive muscle relaxation and autogenic training.

Outlook & Forecast

For gastric pain no universal prognosis can be given. The further course of this disease depends very much on the pain itself and the remaining health condition of the patient.

In most cases, stomach pain indicates intolerance or spoiled food and disappears when the ingredient is broken down. This can take several hours. Not infrequently, the stomach pains are also accompanied by diarrhea and vomiting, which is usually an infection in the gastrointestinal tract. These infections do not necessarily have to be treated by a doctor and usually disappear on their own.

The stomach should be spared. To support the treatment funds from the pharmacy can be used. However, if the stomach ache is very strong and does not diminish after a few days, a doctor should definitely be consulted. This can be a serious infection with which the body can not cope alone.

In case of intolerance or allergies should be dispensed with the respective ingredient to prevent the stomach pain. However, most stomach pains do not have to be treated and disappear again by themselves.


Stress and nervousness should be avoided at all costs. Smoking and heavy drinking should also be stopped. Gluttony and excessive eating just as often lead to stomach ache and can therefore be well prevented.

Lots of exercise in the fresh air and in nature stimulates a healthy and good metabolism, minimizing the chance of stomach ache or bowel discomfort. Preventively drink herbal teas and support their general stress resistance and vitality through preventive autogenic training or progressive muscle relaxation.

Home remedies & herbs for stomach ache

  • Gentian helps with loss of appetite, indigestion and stomach ailments.
  • Fennel has a raw and stewed beneficial effect on the stomach and intestines. In addition, fennel has a high vitamin C content.
  • For stomach and intestinal complaints drink a tea from the following herbs: 10 grams of peppermint, yarrow, chamomile and calamus root, 5 grams of fennel, Kondurangorinde and grassroots, 2 grams of centaury, 1 gr each of wormwood and gentian root.
  • For stomach pain, gastritis and stomach cramps, drink unsweetened chamomile tea. He also helps with abdominal pain and bladder pain.
  • For stomach aches, various measures can be taken: drink a cup of vermouth tea and swallow some caraway seeds. Just eat rusks for a day and drink chamomile tea and put a hot water bottle on your stomach.

You can do that yourself

Often stomach aches can be alleviated by keeping a stomach-sparing diet for several days. Rusks and white bread are easy to digest, and mucilage contained in rice and oatmeal soothes soothe the affected gastric mucosa. After a few days of light diet, low-fat and mildly spicy dishes can enrich the diet, even grated apple, [[banana] and other mild fruit varieties are usually well tolerated. Alcohol, coffee and nicotine, however, should be avoided for some time, on carbonated drinks, a sensitive stomach also often irritated.

Chamomile tea or herbal tea blend of balm leaves, chamomile flowers and peppermint leaves help the aching stomach recover. For this purpose, several cups of warm tea without sugar should be drunk throughout the day - too hot or ice-cold foods and drinks put a strain on the stomach and can aggravate the pain.

Spasmodic stomach pain relieves in many cases the laying on of a hot water bottle. Strike stress or great mental stress on the stomach, regular rest and relaxation help to improve. Frantic food under time pressure can also lead to stomach ache: Here helps the slow, conscious enjoyment of the meal without distraction from the outside by mobile phone, computer or TV. If, despite self-treatment, the stomach pain persists for several days or even increases, a doctor should be consulted.

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