A breast pump, also known as a breastmilk pump, is used to pump out breast milk when there is no possibility of normal breastfeeding. The reasons can be many. The so-called pump-breastfeeding has both advantages and disadvantages.

What is a breast pump?

Breastmilk is extracted from the breast by stimulation and vacuum generation using the breastmilk pump.

The breastpump can help bridge the baby's breast milk supply in situations where normal breastfeeding is impossible. In many cases there are health reasons for mother or child. However, time restrictions such as work can also affect the rhythm of breastfeeding.

Breastmilk is extracted from the breast by stimulation and vacuum generation using the breastmilk pump. At the same time, the breastfeeding ability of the mother is preserved even in periods of non-restitution because the stimulating stimulus is still present.

Technically, the milk pump, like the baby, generates a suction reflex by means of negative pressure, which stimulates the flow of milk via the natural milk donor reflex. The breast milk is then bottled and can be stored under refrigeration. The baby does not drink at the breast, but from the bottle.

Another advantage of milk pumping is that no substitute milk needs to be used. The baby receives all the necessary nutrients through the mother's milk.

Shapes, types & types

There are different types of milk pumps in the trade. So manual and electric breast milk pumps are on offer. Depending on the design, one-sided or bilateral pumping is possible. Furthermore, there are pumps that can be operated by hand or freehand.

Electric pumps have the ability to adjust the suction pressure, the suction rhythm and the suction frequency. Particularly suitable for the stimulation of milk production are electric pumps that can pump both breasts simultaneously. This creates a stimulus that sustains lactation for a long time. Various sizes are available to adapt the pump opening to the size of the nipple.

If there is a medical indication, the milk pump can also be lent by pharmacies or hospitals via prescription. The accessories of a breastmilk pump also include milk bottles with teats, bottle warmer, a sterilization device and special freezer bags for freezing breast milk.

Structure & functionality

For pumping the milk pump is placed on the chest by means of a glass or plastic attachment. This creates the pumping process first a negative pressure, which then sucks the breast milk from the chest. The attachments are made of skin-friendly and food-safe materials to avoid allergies.

The pumping process is divided into a stimulation and pumping phase. In the stimulation phase the milk flow is stimulated by the milk donor reflex. The Milchspendereflex, also Ejektionsreflex, refers to the suction generated by suction to stimulate the milk delivery. The sucking reflex is produced in this case by the negative pressure of the milk pump. In a second phase, the actual pumping out of the breast milk takes place.

The process of milk pumping requires a stress-free environment. In contrast to breastfeeding pumping breastfeeding must first be learned. The presence of the baby, gentle chest massages, adequate nutrition and fluid intake and much more are factors that can positively support the pumping process.

Rhythmically fast pumping mimics the baby's aspiration phase and thereby stimulates the milk flow reflex. After about three minutes, the milk can be pumped out. To stimulate milk production, the entire process should take about ten to twenty minutes, even if no milk flows in the meantime.

It is recommended to carry out the milk pumping in stress-free times, to cool the milk and to warm it up again if necessary. It is also necessary to match the amount of milk pumped to the baby's drinking needs. The average drinking requirement of an infant is between 600 and 1200 ml of milk. However, this is only a very rough guideline. Basically, the amount depends on the child himself, his age and his weight.

For continuous milk production it is more effective to pump more often rather than prolonging pumping time. This makes the stimulus stimulus more effective. The bilateral pumping process is milk-promoting. Therefore, in a one-sided pumping the breast should be changed more often. In the longer term, it makes sense to repeat the pumping every four to six hours.

For weaning pumping time and pumping frequency are gradually reduced. In this case, the Abstillvorgang be better controlled during pump-breastfeeding than in normal breastfeeding.

Medical and health benefits

The use of breast pumps is necessary for certain diseases of the child or mother. In children, pump-feeding is indicated for cleft lip, cleft palate, preterm infants, general weakness, or breastfeeding of the infant.

For example, mothers may suffer from frequent inflammation of the nipple, with the inflammatory process even more pronounced as a result of breastfeeding. But also temporal problems or stress often play a role in a disturbed breastfeeding.

Breast feeding by means of a breast pump offers the possibility, despite breastfeeding problems, to supply the baby with mother's milk of her own mother. The milk composition is best adapted to the needs of the baby and there is no need to resort to milk substitutes. This has a strengthening effect on the baby's immune system.

In addition, the pumping lactation is also maintained. A later breastfeeding is possible again faster. By pumping out the milk, it is also easier to prevent the flow of milk and it is easier to regulate weaning than with normal breastfeeding.

The disadvantage is the lack of body contact of mother and child, which in turn is given in the nursing phase and plays an important role in the bonding and the security of the child.

The breast pump and its accessories must also be purchased and require regular sterilization. In case of breastfeeding problems, pumping breastfeeding via the breastmilk pump, however, is the much better alternative for the infant than milk replacement food. Tags: 

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