The levator glandulae thyroideae is a skeletal muscle that belongs to the thyroid gland. This supplies the body with the thyroid hormone TSH and is involved in the transport of the lymph by virtue of the interaction with the surrounding arteries. The muscle is responsible for lifting the thyroid while breathing.

What is the levator glandulae thyroideae muscle?

With "musculus levator glandulae thyroideae" the medicine names one of the lower hyoid muscles.

The levator glandulae thyroideae (thyroid muscle) muscle is located close to the jawbone and allows lifting of the thyroid during chewing and breathing. The above-mentioned muscle is logically present in all humans and does not form with the help of neoplasms of the vessels or of a certain clinical picture

Anatomy & Construction

Due to the fact that the levator glandula thyroideae muscle is not a separate organ or organ system but only a muscle (musculus), its original muscle will be used in the selection of its anatomical definition.

The muscle is in front of the larynx. This is one of the respiratory organs. The levator glandula thyroideae muscle is located on the isthmus glandulae thyroidea (the middle part of the thyroid gland that connects its lobes). The muscle is connective tissue. The larynx, located on the levator glandulae thyroideae, lies behind the center of the thyroid gland and is connected to the superior thyroid artery (upper thyroid artery), which opens into the artery of the carotid artery.

Function & Tasks

The levator glandula thyroideae contributes to the harmonization of the hormone balance with the help of the entering arteries. It stores the dietary iodine in the body, which ensures embryonic brain development and the formation of bones and other organs.

The thyroid also uses iodine to produce thyroid hormones, the thyronines. The thyroid hormones are responsible, among other things, for the regulation of circulatory and cardiac function as well as blood pressure and metabolism. This prevents further circulatory diseases, such as cardiac arrhythmia; Myocardial infarction and cardiac arrest before. Blood pressure regulates the speed of the blood in the body and the movement of the heart. He thus supports its supply of oxygen.

Because the levator glandula thyroideae muscle is not least connected to the thyroid arteries, the levator glandulae thyroideae muscle also takes over the supply of blood to this gland. In terms of defense, the thyroid gland is generally significant, as an unregulated hormone balance weakens the body and thus the defense. Harmful substances, which enter the body through the air and through the food, are transported away through the heart through the liver by the proper transport of blood through the heart.

Healthy foods and important therapeutics are also delivered into the body through the arteries. Normal arterial pressure causes the natural rapidity of blood flow. In this process, some muscles in the head area are involved, whose branches lead to the levator glandulae thyroideae.


In the same way, all problems should be explained that are fundamentally triggered by an impairment of the levator glandula thyroideae muscle, because its importance is by no means different from that of other muscles or tissues.

As a result, the levator glandula thyroideae also has the risk of degeneration as it ages. There may also be malfunctions. If the levator glandula thyroideae muscle is affected, the entire thyroid gland is also affected. If thyroid disease is not treated, there may be nodules that can become cancerous. Depending on the stage, this can even lead to metastasis, even causing death.

Even a so-called "goiter", a thickening of the throat, can be caused by an untreated hypothyroidism. This thickening can press on the larynx and cause discomfort similar to laryngitis. Mental symptoms, such as hyperthyroidism and hyperthyroidism, have to be treated by eliminating the thyroid problem. The attached arterial vessels can also be used to conduct degenerated cells to other organs such as the liver, stomach or brain. The same risks exist for the levator glandulae thyroideae muscle as for muscles in general. Cigarettes, fatty foods and alcohol promote high blood pressure and metabolic disorders and thus accelerate the aging process, including the muscles.

Such diseases can aggravate resulting lesions on the muscles. In the degeneration of the levator glandula thyroideae muscle, the movement of the thyroid gland may be disturbed, leading to dysphagia or pressure on the larynx. Under certain circumstances, the side effects of some medical preparations are responsible for muscle damage. All in all, changes in the muscles are detected with imaging examinations. A digestible diet and a satisfactory level of physical activity can generally prevent muscle damage.

Sometimes also iodine preparations and thyroid hormones in tablet form are inevitable if there is a hypofunction of the thyroid gland. Once damage to the organ has arisen, it can usually be difficult to revise without surgery. Therefore, as a last resort, the thyroid gland is removed when a threat to life arises from its disorder, for example, in cancer. The progression of the aging process and the remaining lifespan of the human being is nevertheless determined by the condition of the muscles and tissues.

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