As soreness is colloquially called that pain in the muscle, which can commonly occur especially after physical overload. Commonly known here are muscle pain after exercise or unhealthy strenuous work.

What is sore muscles?

As muscle soreness is colloquially called that pain in the muscle.

Muscle soreness is probably one of the best known symptoms. Almost every person has felt this kind of muscle pain ready. Muscle soreness is especially common after physically unfamiliar strain.

He often appears after sporting stress when the body was previously untrained. In particular, the muscle groups, which were particularly unusually stressed, hurt.

The muscle soreness itself does not occur during exercise, but only a few hours after exercise.

The muscle soreness is coupled to the so-called super-compensation, which is responsible for the increase in performance after a workout. The painful muscles are then in a sore muscles in their stretching and movement very sensitive and sometimes can hurt so much that a movement of these games seems impossible. Furthermore, the performance of the affected muscles is then greatly reduced.

A sore muscle can last for several hours to a week. The term soreness was probably derived from catarrh in the Middle Ages, which means muscle inflammation. The soreness itself is absolutely harmless, even if the pain can sometimes be very strong. But sore muscles should not be confused with muscle strains, muscle bruises and muscle tears, which in turn can be dangerous.


The causes of muscle soreness are almost always the same. If untrained or hardly stressed muscles are strongly demanded, small cracks and micro injuries occur in the muscle fibers. The hyperacidity of the muscles through lactate formation is correct, but has no influence on the formation of muscle soreness.

The pain in the muscles then arises from small water retention in the muscle tears, as the water makes the Muskelafsern swell. In principle, muscle soreness is nothing more than stretching pain.

Especially if the training is exaggerated, so your own forces are over-challenged, it comes to sore muscles. Abrupt movement patterns also support sore muscles. Very rarely it comes to cramps to sore muscles, which also here the muscles can be overtaxed unusually.

Diseases with this symptom

  • thrombosis
  • epilepsy


Complications usually do not occur with sore muscles. The pain goes back in the course of a few days by itself, so far as the affected muscle groups are spared. However, if the weakened muscles continue to be overloaded, it can lead to serious injuries such as a hamstring.

In addition, the recovery of the muscles is delayed and the soreness increases. In addition, if protein preparations are used during a strong muscle soreness, there is also a low risk of overloading the kidney. Soreness, which persists for longer, can cause scarring of the muscle fibers and thus a long-term weakening of the muscle.

Inadequate treatment methods are a risk factor in the treatment of muscle soreness. So massages can quickly overload the already weakened muscle and lead to an intensification of muscle soreness. Pain-relieving medicines can burden the cardiovascular system and, like nutritional supplements, overload the kidney.

Sudden soreness may indicate another underlying condition and requires a quick assessment. Possible complications may be intense pain, limited freedom of movement with the affected muscle, or, in severe muscle spasm, temporary muscle paralysis, depending on the underlying disease.

When should you go to the doctor?

In most cases, it is not necessary to consult a doctor if you have soreness. In most people, the soreness disappears by itself after only a few days and leads to no further discomfort. A doctor can be consulted if the soreness lasts for a long time and the pain becomes very severe. In severe pain, there is a risk of serious injury to the person involved in the execution of a sport. Such an injury should be treated by a physician. Even with movement restrictions caused by the sore muscles, a doctor should be asked for advice.

If the person is suffering from epilepsy or thrombosis, sore muscles can be a symptom of these diseases. This also requires a check-up with the doctor.

The doctor does not need to be consulted if the sore muscles occur after the first time a particular sport has been performed, or if the patient has not been physically active for a long time. In these cases, muscle soreness is a common symptom and requires no treatment. Often, different muscle groups may be affected by the sore muscles, which is also a common symptom.

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Treatment & Therapy

As harmless as a muscle soreness is, the harder it is to treat sore muscles. In principle, a sore muscles can not be quickly cured or treated, because it disappears by itself after 1-7 days. In addition, a doctor should be consulted in case of further pain in order to rule out possible muscle injuries.

The sore muscles but can be treated by home remedies or self-sufficient supportive. Helpful are, above all, hot baths with rosemary or spruce needle, sauna sessions, light and warm massages as well as protection and rest of the affected muscles.

Another theory is to train the sore muscles with a light workout on the second day "away". However, this theory is controversial in medicine.

Painkillers should not be taken if possible.

Outlook & Forecast

A sore muscle usually does not need to be treated by the doctor and usually disappears by itself. Since it is caused by muscle overload, the muscles should rest when sore and no longer being strained. The treatment takes place in the form of rest and recovery for the stressed muscles.

After a few days, the sore muscles should disappear. However, if the pain persists and does not subside by itself, then a doctor should be consulted. In this case, it is possible that physical activity has already resulted in muscle injury that needs to be treated.

Similarly, the muscles should not be strained after the sore muscles. Further effort can cause inflammation and other muscle injuries. In case of greater pain a doctor must be consulted in any case. As a rule, the pain in sore muscles are not so great that painkillers must be taken.

Partly sore muscles also appear as a concomitant to colds or flu. This symptom is common and also disappears with the infection.


Home remedies ↵ for sore muscles Soreness can be well prevented. Before training or unusually heavy loads should be thoroughly warmed up. Warming up of the muscles, ligaments and tendons is one of the main reasons for this warming. This can be done by trotting or running lightly.

Furthermore, the movements should be performed with light weights, which are then trained later under higher stress. The ligaments and tendons should also be taken into account by this type of heating, because cold tendons and ligaments may eventually lead to strains or tears.

Furthermore, we recommend massages and sauna sessions as well as a mineral-rich and vitamin-rich diet.

You can do that yourself

With a sore muscles, various home remedies can provide relief. These include protection, compresses, ointments and oils, heat, medicinal herbal tea and Schüssler salts. Immediately after exercise, it is sufficient to gently massage the overstrained muscles and provide them with electrolyte and fluid. Ointments and wraps with oils and herbs can be applied to the muscles after a few hours and contribute to the rapid healing of muscle injuries.

In addition, the muscles should be spared for a few days after exercise. The heat therapy includes about hot envelopes with mustard flour and the passage into the sauna. Also, placing a cherry stone pillow or a hot water bottle usually takes a part of the pain and loosens the affected muscles in a natural way. Equally effective is rubbing in the sores with ointments or oils.

For example, preparations containing cayenne pepper, arnica, comfrey or St. John's Wort oil are effective in sore muscles. In addition, it is important to provide the body with sufficient fluids and vitamins. This stimulates blood circulation, which often reduces the symptoms immediately. On the other hand, the inflammation can heal faster with a sufficient supply of the essential nutrients and minerals.

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