Muscle pain or myalgia can have many causes. After all, people have about 650 different muscles in the body that serve very different functions. Any of these muscles can become acutely or chronically tense, permanently hardened or otherwise painful. The harmless reasons for myalgia can include sports-related overloads, acute or chronic mineral deficiencies or stress-related tension. Muscle pain or myalgia can also be caused by serious nerve and muscle diseases.

What are muscle aches?

In most cases, muscle pain has been the result of athletic overload, lack of minerals or due to other diseases as a secondary symptom.

By the term myalgia we mean all muscle aches, as the doctor calls them. In most cases, myalgias have been the result of athletic congestion, lack of minerals or other complications as a secondary symptom.

But sometimes they are also a typical leading symptom of a disease. Therefore, myalgias are difficult to distinguish in their causes. They require intensive diagnostics and anamnesis. Myalgias can also be the result of joint disease or bone fractures.


A variety of factors can be named as the cause of acute myalgia or chronic muscle pain. Fibromyalgia is one of the myalgias that affect the whole body. These muscle aches all over the body can be diagnosed today through specific trigger points or typical tender points.

So far, we do not know how such pronounced myalgias occur. Maybe the psyche is involved. Myofascial pain syndrome is muscle pain that focuses on certain muscle areas or trigger points. This form of myalgia is noticeable by pressure pain and muscle twitching. Such myalgias are considered overload syndromes.

Myalgic encephalopathies are muscle aches seen in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Whether they were caused by viruses, pesticides or other, must be clarified in each case. Different strong muscle pain can also be caused by too much nicotine, alcohol or poison intake. Myalgias and muscle cramps are also known among drug addicts.

People with environmental problems often suffer from massive magnesium breakdown, magnesium utilization disorders or lack of vital substances in chronic myalgia. The tetanus toxin, poisons such as strychnine, flu shots, penicillin or certain medications can also trigger muscle pain. Last but not least, so-called statins for high blood lipid levels can lead to myalgia as a side effect.

Diseases with this symptom

  • Mineral deficiencies
  • Lockjaw
  • leprosy
  • poliomyelitis
  • multiple sclerosis
  • flu
  • magnesium deficiency
  • syphilis
  • Parkinson
  • disc prolapse
  • fibromyalgia
  • Hamstring
  • polymyositis
  • Thyroid function under
  • lumbago


The course of muscle pain can vary greatly depending on the cause. Some muscle pains gradually develop over years. Other myalgias can occur suddenly. Overload-related myalgia is called soreness, whereas whole-body occurrence can be called fibromyalgia.

If myalgias are the result of medication or chronic poisoning, they are treated differently than if the muscle pain was caused by a disease. Infectious myalgias disappear, for example, through the therapy of the underlying disease.

Limb and muscle pain can be a concomitant of the true flu. Tick ​​biting disorders can sometimes be diagnosed on the basis of myalgias. Leptospirosis agents, trichinae in meat or malaria attacks can cause myalgia.

Rheumatic diseases can also be associated with muscle pain. This results in a completely different therapy for muscle pain.


Muscle pain often leads to complications and disturbances within the entire daily routine. The possibilities of movement are limited and contribute to an impairment of everyday operations, such as coping with the household. A protective behavior occurs that can lead to interpersonal problems. Everyday tasks are no longer perceived or distributed to other people.

Recreational activities diminish and a withdrawal behavior occurs in many people. A permanent pain experience leads to a mental burden. Changes in behavior, mood swings or emotional lows can occur. The complaints often spread and thus worsen the general state of health visibly. The muscle pain leads in many patients to incorrect posture or one-sided stress on the body.

This can trigger further complaints. Bone problems, stress on the joints or pain in the nerves are further complications. A treatment with drugs is associated with side effects. Painkillers can trigger an addiction and often attack the mucous membranes. Muscle pain can make other illnesses difficult to diagnose.

Depression, a present trauma or circulatory disorders are often recognized very late. Especially with depression, it may take years to be diagnosed and treated. Frequent muscle aches can indicate a lack of magnesium. This leads to dysfunction of other organs, such as the brain or the heart.

When should you go to the doctor?

Muscle pain does not have to be treated immediately by a doctor, because in many cases, the affected person can take their own measures for improvement. The most common cause of individual muscle pain is overuse. If unusual movements are often repeated, then affected muscles can still hurt after two to three days. We're talking about a harmless sore muscle. In some cases, a sore muscle does not disappear by itself, but the pain persists for several days.

In such a case, the walk to the doctor is very advisable, because only then the exact cause can be found out. Who continues to claim the muscles in spite of pain, which is a very big risk. There may be serious injuries that may even require surgery in some cases. For example, a muscle tear is an injury that can only be completely cured by appropriate treatment or surgery. For this reason: If you suffer from pain in certain muscle regions, you should consult a doctor early. Only an examination can detect possible injuries and treat them properly.

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Treatment & Therapy

As already explained, a specific treatment of muscle pain has to be carried out after the diagnostic cause research. Frequently, the underlying disease is treated and the myalgia disappear afterwards. You are not treated yourself.

However, other myalgias require their own treatment or can be prevented as a preventative measure. Here are, for example, the myalgia as a result of overexertion, improper loading, tension states or vital substance deficiencies call. Massages, stretching exercises, heat treatments and similar relief can be achieved in the former myalgia.

The muscle pain based on the lack of vital substances may be alleviated by the administration of magnesium or alpha-lipoic acid. Myalgia due to bad stress can probably be alleviated by insoles, back exercises or gym exercises.

Outlook & Forecast

Muscle pain can occur in people for many different reasons, so no universal prediction on the further course of the disease is possible. In most cases, the muscle pain occurs due to a sporty overload of the body and therefore disappear again after several days. The muscle pain then reflects the sore muscles. However, they can also occur in the form of a concomitant with flu, colds and other infections in the body and thereby meet the body aches.

If the muscle pain lasts longer and does not disappear by itself, then a doctor must be consulted. A treatment with painkillers is recommended only limited, since the analgesics the stomach is damaged. In muscle pain, inflammation or a tear in the muscle can be the reason for the pain. The affected muscles should no longer be strained on anyone with muscle pain and need to rest. As a rule, muscle aches should disappear after a few days.

If the pain occurs after an accident or after a stroke on the affected area, a doctor must be consulted immediately. This can prevent complications and other symptoms. Pain in the muscles can also be alleviated by ointments and creams. Likewise, the cooling of the affected regions helps.


Given the variety of possible causes, it is difficult to take preventive measures against myalgia or muscle pain. It makes sense to stretch and warm up the muscles before physical stress.

Healthy and nutrient-rich food is important to prevent myalgia from developing. Also psychological causes or chronic sleep deprivation must be observed, because they favor myalgia. Every muscle pain is a message that something in the muscle is out of order. Whether myalgia but always in need of treatment is different.

You can do that yourself

In most cases, the muscle pain caused by over-exertion or excessive stress on the muscles. Here it comes to the ordinary sore muscles. This is not a special complication and usually disappears after a few days. In this case, the patient should no longer strain or unnecessarily strain the muscles so that they can recover. Ointments often help to cool and relax the muscle at the painful area.

Heat usually helps against muscle aches as well. The patient can apply thermal patches to the affected areas or visit a sauna, the latter having a positive effect on the entire body. If muscles are tense, massage and physiotherapy help. In addition to the warm treatments also help cold treatments. These include cool baths in the swimming pool or ice baths, where the affected area can also be treated with a cooling pad.

The affected person can perform certain stretching exercises and relaxation exercises at home to relieve muscle pain. The cooling can also be used on the go with the help of gels and creams, if the muscle pain also occurs during the day when the patient is not at home. If the pain persists, the visit to the doctor is unavoidable.

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