Muscle tension is common in our civilized world. Most affected are the neck, shoulders and back. But muscles are in the whole body and everywhere they can cramp.

What are muscle tensions?

Muscle tension is cramping and sometimes already hardening of muscle parts, which are in constant tension.

Muscle tension is cramping and sometimes already hardening of muscle parts, which are in constant tension.

Who stands under "electricity", automatically tenses different muscle parts in the body. If there is no relaxation, it creates a permanent tension. The result is a painful muscle tension. This can even be so painful that a physical activity is no longer possible.

Patients are flat and can no longer work. Often, this pain is misinterpreted by the layman and misjudged, for example, as a herniated disc.


There are various reasons for muscle tension. The well-known trigger stress plays a big role here. Stress at work and stress in the private sphere due to internal conflicts. Even money worries and grief often lead to a corresponding posture. If this phase lasts longer, the result is a posture damage over time.

High time to do something about this! If the incorrect posture is not corrected, it manifests as a chronic muscle tension. Even mundane things, such as an older mattress, which can no longer afford their orthopedic service can be considered as causes of muscle tension. An inappropriate chair at work can also cause tension.

When cold, muscles contract and in extreme cases can even cause a torn muscle fiber. Muscle tension develops slowly through years of inappropriate stress or suddenly by the overload of the muscles by unusual movements.

Diseases with this symptom

  • Hamstring
  • muscle strain
  • vertebral blockade
  • scoliosis
  • disc prolapse
  • lumbago

Diagnosis & History

Muscle tension can be very painful. So that they do not become chronic, the muscle should be treated accordingly. The sprain happens suddenly by overstretching the ligaments and tendons.

This can happen in everyday life or during sports. The muscle strain is an overstretching of the muscles or tendons.

It usually arises from sudden overload. Left untreated, chronic muscle tension can be the cause of muscle atrophy.


Muscle twitching causes many people to an inner stress life. In particularly severe cases anxiety and panic occur because the organism undertakes a non-controllable action that leads to excessive demands. Although muscle twitching is generally unperceived, the person feels that the other person is aware of the twitching and is being watched. As a result, sufferers often feel uncomfortable and weak.

An additional sense of stress worsens the suffering in this case. Often this is accompanied by inner restlessness, hectic or nervousness. In this state, it can happen that those involved in performing tasks in everyday life do not perform the desired performance. Forgetfulness occurs and blood pressure increases. People with a cardiovascular problem can have a heart attack in severe cases.

Muscle twitching is a sign of a deficiency in the organism. If this is ignored for too long, further complaints occur or the muscle twitching increases. If the affected muscle is shut down by surgery, damage to the nerves can occur during the procedure. These trigger pain or cause numbness in the affected area.

Other muscle fibers can suffer injury or an allergic reaction occurs through your surgery. The muscle twitch attracts an immediate attention of the person concerned. His thoughts begin to circle and he is distracted.

When should you go to the doctor?

A normal and harmless muscular tension does not require a doctor's visit. If she only lasts for a short time - at most a few days - and then disappears again, the affected person can decide for himself what will do him good during this time. It is recommended, however, to have recurrent or regular muscle tension clarified by a doctor. An otherwise healthy person will be able to cope with them, but in the end they are harbingers of possible serious problems of the skeleton and the musculature. This can lead to long-term serious health problems.

A timely doctor's visit helps to eliminate triggers of regular muscle tension and to show the patient how he can better take care of his health. Under no circumstances should the patient wait for nerve involvement. This is expressed by disturbing symptoms such as dizziness, headache and migraine, drowsiness and similar signs. It may even be that an affected person feels no muscle tension, but only the accompanying symptoms.

The reason is that this was a nerve pinched or pinched, which is difficult to solve by itself. By contrast, specialists or even some primary care physicians can detect by palpation where the problem lies and eliminate it with a few restrictive movements. The visit to the doctor is not only important to the well-being of the patient - it protects him from potentially dangerous situations in which he may experience symptoms such as dizziness.

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Treatment & Therapy

Chiropractic treatments and physiotherapy] are the focus of treatment for muscle tension. Malpositions must be corrected. Manual therapy is just one option. However, it is very effective. Of great advantage is the learning effect. The patients can then practice the exercises at home and improve them independently. Those who apply the discipline and do regular exercises benefit from it and get a stable health.

Heat treatments loosen the tense fabric. Fango packs help to relax the tense muscles. Supporting special massages in question. Treatments by infrared light, either at the doctor's or by the patient himself, are another way to treat tension. Warm baths with relaxing additives will relieve minor spasms and in any case have a supportive effect. The sauna visit causes a holistic heating of the body and relaxes the tense muscles, tendons and ligaments.

For drug treatment effective preparations in the form of tablets, syringes, ointments and heat-generating patches are available. When stress at work is in demand, relaxation exercises can help. It can sometimes be achieved that the cramps do not even occur.

A magnesium supplement also does good work and helps the muscles to relax or loosen up. Further treatment options is provided by homeopathy. Various natural remedies and acupuncture have also proven themselves.

Outlook & Forecast

Muscle tension is usually positive and dissolves within a few days. If the tense muscle tissue is loosened up by a massage or similar measures, a quick and complete healing is to be expected. In chronic muscle tension, in which the affected muscles are severely hardened or knotted, the treatment is sometimes tedious and complicated.

Acute therapy, usually in the form of strong painkillers and antirheumatics, relieves the pain and reduces the tension in the muscles. In the long term, however, the complaints remain and must be treated again and again.

If the tension is based on a severe condition such as muscle disease, it can worsen and sometimes cause life-threatening conditions if it is not treated extensively or too late. Tension associated with headache, nausea and vomiting or migraine also increases the risk of accidents and falls.

However, muscle tension is basically a harmless phenomenon that can usually be treated quickly and effectively with today's treatment methods. The prognosis is generally positive; severe sequelae or long-term consequences are rare.


To prevent muscle tension you can observe and exercise various things. Before the physical activity, such as sports, should always stand the warm-up.

Heat also protects against muscle tension in everyday life. So it makes perfect sense to protect yourself in the winter with a scarf, a cap and otherwise with warm clothing from the cold.

Targeted muscle relaxation can be learned. This technique should be used as needed to protect your muscles. On cold days, a warm relaxation bath often works well. Helpful herbs for this are lavender, lemon balm and lime blossom.

You can do that yourself

There are several home remedies that are used against muscle tension. Acute tension is often relieved by heat or cold compresses, depending on the time of treatment. During the first 48 hours, cold applications have a soothing and anti-inflammatory effect. 24 hours after the muscle pain has started, heat treatments help to relax the muscle and accelerate the recovery process.

Frequently, chronic tension can also be treated with the help of heat. Hot water bottle, red light or heating pads relax the muscles and release tension, while the hot stone method, which massages the skin with hot stones, relieves the pressure. Cherry seed pillows and warm envelopes have similar effects. Furthermore, muscle tension can be treated with the help of relaxation baths. Bath additives such as sage, lavender or camomile stimulate the blood circulation and thus relieve the tension. In addition, alternative remedies may be considered.

Homeopathic remedies such as bryony or Cimicifuga help against acute ailments, while chronic conditions can be alleviated by acupuncture. In the case of chronic or particularly strong tensions as well as possible vascular diseases, appropriate measures should always be discussed with the family doctor first.

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