In the pacifier, also called Nuckel, Nucki or Schnulli, it is a soother. This consists of a mouthpiece and a shield, which counteracts the swallowing of the pacifier.
The sucking comes against the natural sucking impulse of the child. So every baby has a congenital sucking reflex for nursing mother's milk. In addition, if there is a need for sucking, which goes beyond breastfeeding, a pacifier is better for sucking than the thumb. For example, sucking your thumb creates the risk of major changes in the jaw, which in turn may require orthodontic treatment.
The pacifier can be used already in the first weeks of life. From the age of three, however, the child should stop using it again. Nuckling has been used for more than 3, 000 years. In its early days, the pacifier still consisted of rags, which were specially shaped.
Today pacifiers are offered in different shapes and variations. There are, among other things, pacifier-like pacifiers, which are equipped with a flat suction part. These models give the tongue more space. The overlay for the lips is narrower in this species. There are three different sizes to choose from.
Another variant is pacifiers made of natural material such as natural rubber (latex). In this variant, the shield is as soft as the nipple, allowing it to better adapt to the shape of the mouth. The pacifier-sucker, which is modeled after a nipple, is considered robust, but becomes faster porous.
Likewise to the pacifier forms counts the soft pacifier, which gives it in drop form. The nipple is made of silicone and has a smooth and soft surface. However, it is less suitable for children who already have teeth. This makes it easier to chop off something from the silicone than from latex.
Among the various forms also belongs to the universal pacifier. Unlike the pacifier, it does not matter how it is put into the mouth. It is a soft round latex latex that reminds the child of the maternal nipple. Due to the latex material, however, an allergy risk can exist. Since the tastes are already very different for babies, they ultimately choose their favorite pacifier themselves.
The pacifier is assembled from a silicone or latex mouthpiece and a shield. When the mouth part, it is important to distinguish between two different forms. These are the cherry shape, which is round, and the beveled on the front side variant. This has a palate shape that is adapted to the oral cavity. The palate shape was developed in 1949 by the dentist Adolf Müller.
The function of the pacifier consists primarily in the reassurance of the child. So it supports the natural sucking impulse of the baby, who serves for the admission of the food. At the same time, however, sucking develops other effects. For example, the production of certain hormones is stimulated, which have the property to calm the baby.
The suction effect was called "oral phase" by Siegmund Freud. By sucking, the children can partially express their feelings during the oral phase. So babies suck faster and harder when they are excited, which in turn contributes to their reassurance. Noticeable is the soothing effect of the pacifier as soon as it is in the child's mouth. However, if the nipple is missing, the child often starts to scream and does not calm down until it has the pacifier back.
In principle, however, a pacifier is not suitable as an all-purpose remedy, for example to suppress malaise or hunger of the child. Also, the nipple can not replace the love and affection of the parents. For some children, there is a general dislike for pacifiers anyway, which is probably due to the taste of the material.
The health benefit of the pacifier lies in the reassurance of the child. So the Nuckel promotes the falling asleep of the baby and his digestion. According to studies, no impairment of the utensil is to be feared during breast-feeding. However, it is important to cleanse the nipple regularly to counter infections.
Meanwhile, modern pacifiers can even be used for medical purposes. So a so-called smart pacifier was developed, which is equipped with sensors and Bluetooth. In this way, using a smartphone to control the health of the baby. So the special pacifier records the body temperature of the child and analyzes it. The connection between pacifier and smartphone comes about via Bluetooth. The nipple is in turn equipped with a thermal sensor that registers the temperature of the baby. Temperature fluctuations such as fever can be displayed to parents in this way immediately. Even a localization of the baby through a tracking function is possible. Whether this is necessary, however, is an open question.
However, a pacifier also has some disadvantages. These arise primarily through too long use of the nipple. As a result, there is a risk of deformation of the jaw geometry, which in turn can lead to misaligned teeth such as an open bite. Tags: