Occurrence & cultivation of black pepperBlack pepper has a digestive effect, relieves rheumatic pains, relieves cough and cramps, and combats blemishes. It does not matter if pepper is black, red, green or white, it always comes from the same exotic velvet plant. For the production of black pepper, the unripe berries are dried in the sun before harvesting. The important ingredient for the herbalist Piperin goes back to the scientific name of the pepper plant: Piperaceae . It is an alkaloid responsible for the pungent taste. The plant is a pepper shrub from the family of pepper plants. The scientific name Piper nigrum is named after the botanical name black pepper. The berries are contrary to the naming not always black, but depending on the harvest time also green, white or red. The pepper plant is a perennial climber that grows on trees and grows with age. In uncultivated wild stands it can reach heights of growth of up to ten meters.
In cultivated cultivation, the pepper plants are limited to a stature height of three to four meters. Cultivated pepper plants carry hermaphrodite flowers. They are inconspicuous and equipped with ten-centimeter-long ears that carry fifty to 150 individual flowers. The fruits ripen eight to nine months after fertilization. They are called drupes. The pepper harvest takes place twice a year. The perennial climber can remain productive under good conditions for up to thirty years. The natural stocks are native to India.
With the colonization by England and France, the pepper plant was also very popular in European countries and the spice was imported in large quantities. The importance of pepper at the end of the 19th century, the beginning of the 20th century, the wedding of the English and French colonies, shows that pepper, for its part, was even outweighed in gold. Today India, Vietnam, Brazil, Malaysia and Brazil are the main growing countries.
Every year, about 200, 000 tons of pepper are produced. Although black pepper has many different healing effects, its reputation as a medicinal plant is only gradually gaining ground, as its popularity as a spice still dominates.
Effect & application
Pepper gets its colors due to different processing methods. In addition to the black pepper, there are also red, green and white pepper. The most important plant compound is piperine, which is often referred to as a medical all-purpose weapon. In addition, derivatives include piperettin, piperylin, piperanine and chavicin. These derivatives are also known as alkamides (acid amide alkaloids). Other ingredients include flavonoids, fatty oil, rhamnetin, kaempferol and quercetin.
Black pepper has a digestive effect, relieves rheumatic pains, relieves cough and cramps, and combats blemishes. It works against all types of colds such as sore throat, bronchitis and fever and works against muscular tension and pain. The production of new fat cells is inhibited and hypertension shut down.
The harsh ingredients have a warming effect, so Ayurvedic medicine advises people who often freeze to consume more pepper. Its sharpness is a stimulus of pain for the human organism, which is responsible for the body's own production of endorphins in the brain. Endorphins are also popularly known as happiness hormones. As a result, black pepper has a lightening effect and acts against depression. So he ensures a general well-being.
In the case of indigestion, it ensures an orderly secretion of digestive juices and increases the mobility of intestinal villi. Acid and supplements have been shown to have a positive effect on fat and metabolism. That's why Black Pepper is also a slimming product by the way. It inhibits the growth of bacteria and acts as a powerful insecticide.
Importance for Health, Treatment & Prevention
For the healing effect, the fully grown, green fruits are used in unpeeled and dried form. People perceive the taste of pepper as sharp and burning, which is due to the excitement of pain and heat receptors. The knee-jerk reaction is an increased secretion of salivary and gastric juice. Pepper stimulates the appetite while simultaneously increasing the release of digestive enzymes. The sharp supplements have a positive effect on the metabolism through the action of the heat receptors.
For this reason, the pepper is said to have slimming properties. Anyone who is unfamiliar with the field of herbal medicine needs to refrain from using the pepper plant in an unprocessed form, as pungent and bitter substances such as flavonoids, alkaloids and essential oils can irritate the skin and mucous membranes. They are concentrated and further disassembled.
Naturopathy and medicine uses these ingredients only in diluted and potentiated form. In particular, incompatibilities with essential oils and substances contained therein, such as menthol in the form of allergies and asthmatic attacks, can not be ruled out. Due to its stimulating properties, Ayurvedic medicine values pepper as "Agni", which in Sanskrit stands for the element of life "fire". According to the ancient Indian art of healing belong to "Agni" also all metabolic processes of the human organism.
The Western-influenced healing plant science called these processes as oxygen combustion (oxidation) and uses black pepper against all kinds of indigestion, so that digestive juices flow again and thus pollutants and waste products are flushed out of the body. Based on Ayurvedic medicine, the "digestive fire" is kindled.
Ayurvedic therapists use pepper for loss of appetite, hemorrhoids and flatulence. The saying "a lot helps a lot" is not always true, but "less is sometimes more", because the mucous membranes and taste receptors of the human organism do not like too strong an influence of sharp contents and flavorings, which can cause irritation if they are overdosed.