What is a tachypnea?Before the physician begins treatment and therapy, he must be aware of the cause of tachypnea. It is important, however, that the administration of oxygen takes place immediately.
Tachypnea is the desire for more oxygen. Characteristic is an increased respiratory rate of the patient. Experts then speak of acute tachypnea when the patient makes more than 20 breaths a minute. During the frequency determination (how many breaths per minute), the patient must not exert any strenuous activity.
It is important that the physician clarifies the cause of the tachypnea, in order to avoid any complications or long-term consequences. Also, the clarification of the cause, for the further course of treatment, essential.
Several different factors are responsible for tachypnoea. Essential is the effort of the patient. An increased respiratory rate occurs mainly due to a high load on the body. But not only a high degree of effort is the reason; The psyche can also trigger a tachypnea.
Many people suffer from tachypnoea after a traumatic experience. But not only trauma but also pathological causes cause an increased respiratory rate. Spontaneous fever can also trigger a tachypnea. Per ascending degree, the respiratory rate increases by seven breaths - per minute. That's why it's important that sauna enthusiasts keep an eye on their breathing frequency during their sauna visit.
The heart failure (heart failure) or a very strong blood loss trigger a tachypnea. In both components, the circulation suffers from a low blood supply. For this reason, an undersupply of oxygen occurs and the tachypnea develops. Another cause is malignant tumors. However, these only trigger tachypnoea in very few cases.
Diseases with this symptom
- Milk protein allergy
- Spinal muscular atrophy
- lung infection
- Chronic bronchitis
Diagnosis & History
The patient can only avoid complications and long-term consequences if the physician diagnoses and treats the tachypnea in good time. The physician may use various diagnostic techniques to determine tachypnea.
First and foremost, the attending physician examines the patient's blood. At the blood examination, the doctor determines how high the blood gas levels are. Here he recognizes how high the oxygen or carbon dioxide in the blood is. In addition to a blood test in the laboratory, there is also the possibility of a diagnostic apparatus. Here the physician makes the diagnosis by means of an electrocardiogram. With the help of the electrocardiogram, the physician is able to detect any cardiac arrhythmias.
Cardiac arrhythmias occur again and again when the heart is faced with a shortage. The deficiency usually occurs when the body gets too little oxygen. Furthermore, the doctor can make an X-ray of the chest and pneumonia - as a further cause of the tachypnea - exclude or confirm. If the patient suffers from acute tachypnea, the patient complains in the initial stage of an inner restlessness and a pressure on the chest. The patient also suffers from disturbances of consciousness as well as sweating.
An increased respiratory rate or tachypnoea arises, for example, as a result of physical exertion. However, this lays down again after a few minutes and does not involve any further complications. Psychogenic tachypnoea can lead to increased exhalation of carbon dioxide. As a result, more acids are eliminated from the body and the pH of the blood increases.
As a result, calcium binds to proteins in the blood. This can then cause spasms, which leads to a typical paw position of the extremities. In addition, due to the lack of CO2 in the blood, the cerebral vessels, so that the brain is no longer supplied with sufficient blood and it can lead to dizziness to a fainting fit.
Another cause of the increased respiratory rate is fever as part of an infectious disease. In the worst case, the infection can lead to sepsis. In this case, the pathogens spread with the bloodstream and spread over the entire human. This can lead to a septic shock, which can kill multiple organs and this can be life-threatening for humans.
In addition, heart failure (heart failure) can cause cardiac arrhythmia. These include atrial fibrillation or ventricular fibrillation. If untreated, these can quickly lead to a cardiac arrest, which eventually ends in cardiac death.
When should you go to the doctor?
Only when the symptoms appear over the course of one or more days is the medical consultation generally recommended. The increase in respiratory rate is due to increased oxygen demand. This in turn is the result of another underlying disease that should be diagnosed and treated professionally.
Even if seemingly simple colds lead to a prolonged tachypnea, it is recommended to consult a doctor. This controls the course and possible deterioration of the state of health. As soon as the acute illness has been overcome, the respiratory rate usually normalizes again. If this does not happen, a second consultation is necessary. Short-term tachypnoic states are usually harmless. In particular, if the increased respiratory rate is due to stress, other environmental factors or psychogenic causes, no visit to the doctor is necessary. The transition to stress-induced hyperventilation is sometimes fluid and should be monitored.
If tachypnoea is more commonly associated with psychological distress, visiting a psychiatrist or psychologist may help determine if there is any underlying impairment, such as stress management or anxiety disorder. Also, the cumulative combination with other symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, cold sweats, palpitations or hypertension should be presented to a doctor.
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Treatment & Therapy
Before the physician begins treatment and therapy, he must be aware of the cause of tachypnea. It is important, however, that the administration of oxygen takes place immediately. If the acute tachypnea is already advanced, often only surgical treatment is the only way to help the patient.
If there is an underlying disease that triggers the tachypnea, the physician treats the cause rather than the symptom. This means that the patient receives prescribed analgesics. By giving analgesics, it is possible that the pain of the patient will be alleviated. It also alleviates the patient's anxiety and anxiety.
The analgesics, however, also affect the respiratory center of the patient. Another treatment option takes place with the preparation cortisone. With the unfolding of the preparation in the bronchi of the patient, any inflammation can be cured relatively quickly.
Outlook & Forecast
In a tachypnea, the chance of recovery is generally positive. If the cause of the increased respiratory rate is treated comprehensively, a normal respiratory tone sets in again after some time. The tachypnea itself can be treated by breathing exercises and drugs and then usually forms in the course of a few days or weeks back.
The prognosis is worsened by any complications, such as those that can occur as a result of a chronic lack of oxygen or hyperventilation. Typical are disorders of consciousness as well as sweating. Rarely, there is also strong internal restlessness and the formation of anxiety disorders.
If the tachypnea is due to a heart or lung disease, it must first be treated. The view is based on how well the treatment measures work and how pronounced the tachypnea is. Excessively high respiratory rates can complicate surgical procedures and other therapies, thus reducing the chance of a full recovery.
In case of a permanent undersupply or oversupply with oxygen, cardiac arrhythmias and consequently also a heart attack can occur. A rapid and comprehensive treatment is therefore essential for a positive prognosis.
Home remedies ↵ for respiratory distress There is no direct prevention against the acute tachypnea. It is important that any diseases and causes that promote acute tachypnoea are kept in mind. If the attending physician diagnoses asthma, it is advisable that the patient comply with the prescribed therapy. This means that he regularly uses his medication to avoid tachypnea.
Even with a cold and flu, it is important that the patient takes antipyretic drugs. Thus, the patient acts preventively against an acute tachypnea. Since the acute tachypnoea also occurs again and again after high loads and efforts, rest periods and breaks after high loads are essential.
You can do that yourself
Direct prevention against acute tachypnea does not really exist. Prevention is more likely to be based on the underlying causes. If the doctor diagnoses asthma, the patient should follow the prescribed therapy. To avoid tachypnea, prescribed medications should be taken regularly.
If tachypnoea occurs as part of a cold, antipyretic measures should be taken to prevent respiratory distress. In addition to possibly prescribed medication, the person affected has the opportunity to resort to numerous home remedies. These include, for example, leg or calf wrap, vinegar stockings, but also the drinking of hot teas, which promote sweat production and thus stimulate the body's defenses.
Because acute tachypnea usually occurs as part of physical exertion or exertion, rest periods or periods of relaxation after high levels of stress are essential to prevent the onset of symptoms. Generally, a healthy lifestyle with lots of exercise is recommended to avoid diseases that promote tachypnea.
If the symptoms in connection with mental stress occur, it is advisable for those affected to take relaxation exercises to lower the respiratory rate again. Also, changing the environment into a relaxed atmosphere can help.