What is urethrometry?
Urethrometry is a diagnostic procedure that can be used by departments of medicine and urology. The purpose of the examination is to obtain a better understanding of the physical condition of the patient and to specifically determine the internal pressure of the bladder.
In addition, urethrometry can contribute to pressure relief. For urethrometry, a doctor or other specialist inserts a thin pressure probe into the urethra and can thus mechanically dilate the urinary tract. Physicians can derive conclusions from the measurement of bladder pressure, which can be of great importance for the correct position of a diagnosis and the possible subsequent treatment. However, not every urological symptom requires urethrometry; To what extent the application of the medical procedure makes sense, only the attending physician can decide.
Function, effect & goals
Urethrometry measures the internal pressure of the bladder by having the examiner insert a probe into the urethra. This dual function not only makes it useful in diagnostics but may also be used in the treatment of specific diseases of the genitourinary tract.
This can be the case, for example, with a urethral stricture. This is a narrowing of the urethra, which may lead to abnormalities when emptying the bladder: The urine does not leave the bladder in a relatively straight jet, but assumes a fan-shaped shape. Other phenomena that may also indicate urethral stricture are a thin, twisted, or weak stream of urine.
Urethrometry is largely in the field of urology. Urology is a medical specialty dealing with urethral, kidney and male genital discomforts. A sub-discipline of urology is urogynaecology, which focuses more on women and their ailments, which may arise from the peculiarities of the female body.
Hormonal, anatomical and functional differences often result in different diagnostic and treatment options for men and women. Physicians who want to specialize in these areas can acquire a corresponding specialist title. The prerequisite for this is a degree in human medicine as well as participation in a corresponding further education, which usually consists of theoretical and practical parts. Usually doctors are already working during the specialist training.
Risks, side effects & dangers
Diseases that fall into the field of urology, for example, are infections of the urethra. Urethral or urinary tract infections are common diseases that urology deals with, and physicians may also consider using urethrometry.
Severity, type of infection, other available information and other factors are generally included in the decision. For example, infections of the urethra may be due to bacterial infections and may be isolated or occur in the context of other diseases or appear after such underlying diseases. These infections can be reflected in a variety of different symptoms, not all of which must be present at the same time. For example, possible discomforts that may occur are frequent urination, which may be accompanied by a burning or aching sensation; Increased urinary urgency, although only a small amount of urine is left at the toilet, and general symptoms such as limb pain, other pain and fever.
The treatment of urinary tract infection can be done with antibiotics, among other things, if the cause of the disease speaks for this medication. Antibiotics are medicines that work against bacterial pathogens of diseases. Their application is carried out with the aim of eliminating as accurately as possible the harmful bacteria and to protect other bacteria. Since there are numerous bacteria in the human body that are harmless or even play an important role for the organism, this point is very important. Medicines that are especially used in urological diseases are called urologics. For urinary tract infections, the active ingredient methionine or nitrofurantone (Furadoxyl) may be used.
Urethrometry may in some cases have negative side effects or complications. A conceivable source of complaints is the mechanical injury of the urethra when inserting a catheter. Some of the more common side effects of such a catheter or urethrometric probe include pain, or the patients may find the examination uncomfortable without exceeding the pain threshold; this is individually dependent on the patient. Urethrometry with a probe that is not properly disinfected or sterile may cause infection and, for example, cause bladder infection.