• Tuesday May 26,2020

anatomy


belly

belly

Belly is an anatomical unit of the human body, which includes different organs and organ systems. The abdomen is the lower anterior part of the body, located between the diaphragm and the pelvis. Also, an increased accumulation of fat cells in this anatomical section is popularly referred to as the abdomen

immune system

immune system

The immune system is an endogenous defense system. Without an immune system, the human body would be vulnerable to harmful environmental conditions and harmful changes in the body. The immune system is thus an endogenous mechanism that is vital. Definition, meaning and function of the immune system Plasma cells are cells of the immune system and are used to produce and produce antibodies

Achilles tendon

Achilles tendon

The Achilles tendon is one of the most important tendons in the human body, because without them the movement on two legs would be impossible. How is this tendon structured? Which functions and tasks does it fulfill? And what kind of complaints can occur in connection with the Achilles tendon? What is the Achilles tendon

armpit

armpit

The armpit lies between the shoulder and the lateral chest wall. In this anatomical structure are mainly glands that produce sweat and pheromones. Under the armpits, skin diseases such as fungal infections are particularly common. What is the armpit? The armpits are on both sides of the human body, the area between the lateral chest wall and the shoulder or the medial upper arm

Adam's apple

Adam's apple

The Adam's apple is the thickening of a cartilage. Externally, it is especially visible in men and moves during speech or swallowing. In women, the enlargement can be felt. What is the Adam's apple? The Adam's apple is part of the thyroid cartilage. This is the largest cartilage in the throat

adenohypophysis

adenohypophysis

The adenohypophysis is an important endocrine gland as part of the pituitary gland. She is responsible for the production of a number of different hormones. Disturbances in the function of the adenohypophysis lead to typical diseases that are caused by a deficiency or excess of certain hormones. What is the adenohypophysis

choroid

choroid

The choroid covers most of the middle eye skin and is located between the retina and the dermis. The main task of the skin, which is rich in small and large blood vessels, is to supply the eye, especially the retina, with blood and oxygen. Typical diseases of the choroid are inflammations of various kinds, the mechanical injury caused by accidents or choroidal melanoma

blood vessels

blood vessels

A blood vessel is a tubular structure for transporting blood. The vessel is also referred to as a vein and occurs only in the human and animal body. What are blood vessels? The whole of the blood vessels forms the blood circulation together with the heart. This is essential for the circulation of the blood to supply body parts

anus

anus

The anus or anus serves as the end segment of the digestive system of controlled defecation and ensures the continence of the rectum (rectum). Most of the complaints in the anal area are generally harmless, but are not clarified because of false shame in many cases. What is the anus? Schematic representation of the anatomy of the rectum or anus, as well as the sphincter muscles

Ala major ossis sphenoidalis

Ala major ossis sphenoidalis

Ala major ossis sphenoidalis is the large sphenoid wing. This refers to two strong bone plates, whose approach is on the body of the sphenoid bone. What is the Ala major ossis sphenoidalis? As Ala major ossis sphenoidalis or Alae majores ossis sphenoidales two powerful bone plates are called. Their attachment lies laterally on the sphenoid bone (os sphenoidale)

Ala minor ossis sphenoidalis

Ala minor ossis sphenoidalis

The Ala minor ossis sphenoidalis is a component of the human skull. They are near the sphenoid bone. Your job is to shape the eye socket. What is the Ala minor ossis sphenoidalis? The Ala minor ossis sphenoidalis belong to the human skeletal system. They are translated as little sphenoid wings. The sphenoid bone and the associated sphenoid wing are part of the skull

aldosterone

aldosterone

Aldosterone is one of the steroid hormones and is responsible for the body's water and mineral balance. In the organism it retains more water and sodium ions, while potassium ions and hydrogen ions (protons) are eliminated. Both an aldosterone deficiency and an aldosterone surplus leads to serious health problems

allocortex

allocortex

The Allocortex is a part of the human brain. It is assigned to the cerebral cortex and is part of the central nervous system. What is the Allocortex? The Allocortex includes the regions in the human brain that make up three to five layers. It forms about 10% of the cerebral cortex, called the cerebral cortex

alveoli

alveoli

Alveoli are important components of the lungs. They are responsible for the exchange of gases between blood and the outside world. The alveoli provide for the intake of fresh air and for the removal of the resulting by breathing carbon dioxide. If alveoli are damaged, the breathing is severely restricted

anvil

anvil

In the middle ear of the human ear are three ossicles, which are articulated to each other and transmit the mechanical vibrations of the eardrum to the cochlea in the inner ear. The middle auditory ossicle is called an anvil. He picks up the vibration of the hammer and gives it to the stirrup under mechanical reinforcement

Ammonshorn

Ammonshorn

The Ammonhorn is a part of the brain. It is located in the hippocampus and is located in the rolled-up bark structure there. It has an important role in the learning process. What is the Ammonhorn? The Ammonshorn is medically referred to as Cornu ammonis. In some sources it is also called Hippocampus proprius

amygdala

amygdala

The human brain is one of the most complex entities in the universe and still poses a mystery to researchers. Part of this miracle of nature is the so-called amygdala, whose function has been vital for humans since time immemorial. What is the amygdala? The amygdala is part of the human brain. The name comes from the Greek word for almond, amygdale, and was chosen because the two areas in question resemble two almond kernels in the brain

anastomosis

anastomosis

Anastomoses are connections between anatomical structures as they occur between blood vessels, nerves, lymphatics and hollow organs and ensure the formation of a bypass loop in the deterioration of one of the composite members. In surgery, the physician partially artificially creates anastomoses, with a distinction being made between end-to-end, side-to-side and end-to-side anastomoses according to the particular form of this surgical procedure

anoderm

anoderm

The Anoderm or Analhaut at the lower end of the anal canal contains numerous nerve endings and can cause severe pain in tears. What is the anoderm? The anoderm belongs to the continence organ and is located in the lower part of the anal canal. Its thin skin is adjacent to the sphincter, whose function supports it well

Ansa cervicalis

Ansa cervicalis

The ansa cervicalis (profunda) or cervical nerve loop lies under the sternocleidomastoid muscle and contains fibers from the cervical spinal cord segments C1 to C3. It is responsible for the control of the lower hyoid muscles (infrahyoid muscles) and can lead to the development of dysphagia in lesions